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The lottery
1. Where do you think "The Lottery" takes place? What purpose do you suppose the writer has in making this setting appear so familiar and ordinary? In Jackson's "The Lottery," the structure leading to the surprise ending is dependent on the detached(adj.分離的), matter-of-fact point of view, together with the familiar and ordinary setting.  The point is that the setting is ordinary.  These are normal people. The story is a scapegoat story.  And all societies scapegoat(n.代罪羔羊).  The point of the story would be lost if the setting wasn't familiar and ordinary.  The guilt would then lie with the particular setting and those particular people.  But back to the surprise ending.  If there were anything about the setting that was out of the ordinary or odd or eccentric(adj.古怪的), the surprise ending wouldn't come as such a surprise.  The structure of the story is as it has to be.  Finally, the reader is not told anything about where the story takes place.  Again, that is the point.  It could be anywhere, anytime. 2. in paragraphs 2 and 3, what details foreshadow the ending of the story?

That's a lot for one question, so here are some thoughts to get you started:

Paragraph 2 is about the children coming into the town square to be ready for the lottery drawing. Just recently released from school, they still feel the oppression(n.壓抑) of school rules and policies hanging over them; their conversations center around school-related topics and they remain quiet at first before getting rowdy(adj.喧鬧的). When the children begin to gather the stones, it is foreshadowing of the gruesome(adj.可怕的) scene to come. The story says, "Bobby Martin had already stuffed his pockets full of stones, and the other boys soon followed his example, selecting the smoothest and roundest stones." This is just another reminder of the way that this town blindly follows examples of others, without questioning the intelligence of that example. Their hoarding(n.儲藏) of a big pile of...
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