"Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" by Joyce Carol Oates.

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As teenagers begin to grow and mature, their emerging sexuality becomes quite evident. Both girls and boys began to realize that members of the opposite sex are not icky and do not have "cooties." Beginning with holding hands, relationships begin to develop. This jump into adulthood and maturity is a positive occurrence. However this emerging sexuality has a dark side. Hormones spread like fire, often leading teenagers to go beyond simple kisses. Temptation surrounds teenagers, especially teenage girls. The desire for rebellion is also evident, and extreme sexuality is extremely rebellious. In addition, the world is filled with rapists and murderers. These rapists often strive to lead young girls on the path of rebellion and temptation, the dark side of sexuality. The sexual theme is often hidden in literature, and the darker sexual theme is often ignored. Joyce Carol Oates went beyond the typical expectations of society and wrote a short story with such a theme. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" is based on the serial killer Charles Schmid, who was also known as the Pied Piper of Tucson. Charles Schmid was sentenced to death for the rape and murder of three teenage girls. Joyce Carol Oates brought him to life using the character Arnold Friend. In the story, the author also reveals the immense influence music has on teenagers, and partly based the story on a song written by Bob Dylan, "It's All Over Now, Baby Blue." Themes from the song, as well as the true story of Charles Schmid, are clearly evident in the story, as well as references to the effect of music on the younger generation. Connie, the main character and protagonist in the story, was a fifteen-year-old girl with a budding interest in boys and an emerging sexual desire. Arnold Friend, the antagonist in the story, led Connie on the path to darkness. "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been" uses musical symbolism and supernatural influences to reveal the dark side of sexuality.

Connie, the protagonist in "Where Are You Going, Where Have You Been," was a gorgeous young girl who was constantly scolded by her mother for thinking so highly of herself. Connie was always checking her appearance in mirrors and believed that her mother was being ridiculous. "Her mother had been pretty once too, if you could believe those old snapshots in the album, but now her looks were gone and that was why she was always after Connie." Connie's mother was able to see her past self in Connie, and she feared the path that it would take Connie on. Her mother most likely learned the consequences of being superficial the hard way, and was simply trying to protect Connie from going through what she went through. Because her mother had only focused on her outwardly appearance, her mother no longer had any beneficial qualities once her looks faded. However, instead of trying to talk to Connie about looking into the deeper value of life, her mother simply praised her sister, June, constantly. "She was so plain and chunky and steady that Connie had to hear her praised all the time by her mother and her mother's sisters." Connie could not see any positive qualities in her sister, and was thus alienated from her family. She was not receiving any positive attention from her family, so Connie turned boys and rebellion.

Arnold Friend attempts to lure Connie into his world, with supernatural characteristics. The author purposely makes it unclear whether or not Arnold Friend is actually supernatural. However, she does give him these characteristics, which characterize Arnold as the devil himself. "One of his boots was at a strange angle, as if his foot wasn't in it." The reference to his boot not fitting correctly is part of Arnold's devilish supernatural characteristics. The devil has cloven hoofs, which would not fit properly in a boot. Arnold Friend desired Connie from the beginning, and strove to lure her into his world.

"It was a boy with shaggy black hair, in a convertible...
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