Animal Farm
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This article is about the novel by George Orwell. For other uses, see Animal Farm (disambiguation). Animal Farm

First edition cover
Author(s)George Orwell

Original titleAnimal Farm: A Fairy Story
CountryUnited Kingdom
Genre(s)Classics, satire, educational animation
PublisherSecker and Warburg (London)

Publication dateAugust 17, 1945
Media typePrint (hardback & paperback)
Pages112 pp (UK paperback edition)
ISBN 0-452-28424-4 (present)ISBN 978-0-452-28424-1


Dewey Decimal
823/.912 20
LC Classification
PR6029.R8 A63 2003b
Preceded byThe Lion And The Unicorn

Followed byNineteen Eighty-Four

Animal Farm is an allegorical and dystopian novel by George Orwell, published in England on 17 August 1945. According to Orwell, the book reflects events leading up to the Russian Revolution of 1917 and then on into the Stalin era in the Soviet Union.[1]Orwell, a democratic socialist,[2] was a critic of Joseph Stalin and hostile to Moscow-directed Stalinism, especially after his experiences with the NKVD and the Spanish Civil War.[3] The Soviet Union, he believed, had become a brutal dictatorship, built upon a cult of personality and enforced by a reign of terror. In a letter to Yvonne Davet, Orwell described Animal Farm as his novel "contre Stalin",[4] and in his essay "Why I Write" (1946), he wrote that Animal Farm was the first book in which he had tried, with full consciousness of what he was doing, "to fuse political purpose and artistic purpose into one whole". The original title was Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, though the subtitle was dropped by U.S. publishers for its 1946 publication and subsequently all but one of the translations during Orwell's lifetime omitted it. Other variations in the title include: A Satire and A Contemporary Satire.[4] Orwell suggested the title Union des républiques socialistes animales for the French...
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