Yo Theory

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Albert Einstein
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"Einstein" redirects here. For other uses, see Einstein (disambiguation). This is a good article. Click here for more information.Page semi-protected Albert Einstein
Einstein 1921 by F Schmutzer.jpg
Albert Einstein in 1921
Born14 March 1879
Ulm, Kingdom of Württemberg, German Empire
Died18 April 1955 (aged 76)
Princeton, New Jersey, U.S.
ResidenceGermany, Italy, Switzerland, Austria, Belgium, United States Citizenship
Kingdom of Württemberg (1879–1896)
Stateless (1896–1901)
Switzerland (1901–1955)
Austria–Hungary (1911–1912)
German Empire (1914–1918)
Weimar Republic (1919-March 1933)
United States (1940–1955)
FieldsPhysics
Institutions
Swiss Patent Office (Bern)
University of Zurich
Charles University in Prague
ETH Zurich
Caltech
Prussian Academy of Sciences
Kaiser Wilhelm Institute
University of Leiden
Institute for Advanced Study
Alma mater
ETH Zurich
University of Zurich
ThesisFolgerungen aus den Capillaritatserscheinungen (1901) Doctoral advisorAlfred Kleiner
Other academic advisorsHeinrich Friedrich Weber
Notable students
Ernst G. Straus
Nathan Rosen
Leó Szilárd
Raziuddin Siddiqui[1]
Known for
General relativity and special relativity
Photoelectric effect
Mass-energy equivalence
Theory of Brownian Motion
Einstein field equations
Bose–Einstein statistics
Bose-Einstein condensate
Bose–Einstein correlations
Unified Field Theory
EPR paradox
Notable awards
Nobel Prize in Physics (1921)
Matteucci Medal (1921)
Copley Medal (1925)
Max Planck Medal (1929)
Time Person of the Century (1999)
SpouseMileva Marić (1903–1919)
Elsa Löwenthal (1919–1936)
Children"Lieserl" (1902-1903?)
Hans Albert (1904-1973)
Eduard "Tete" (1910-1965)
Signature

Albert Einstein (/ˈælbərt ˈaɪnstaɪn/; German: [ˈalbɐt ˈaɪnʃtaɪn] ( listen); 14 March 1879 – 18 April 1955) was a German-born theoretical physicist who developed the general theory of relativity, one of the two pillars of modern physics (alongside quantum mechanics).[2][3] While best known for his mass–energy equivalence formula E = mc2 (which has been dubbed "the world's most famous equation"),[4] he received the 1921 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his services to theoretical physics, and especially for his discovery of the law of the photoelectric effect".[5] The latter was pivotal in establishing quantum theory. Near the beginning of his career, Einstein thought that Newtonian mechanics was no longer enough to reconcile the laws of classical mechanics with the laws of the electromagnetic field. This led to the development of his special theory of relativity. He realized, however, that the principle of relativity could also be extended to gravitational fields, and with his subsequent theory of gravitation in 1916, he published a paper on the general theory of relativity. He continued to deal with problems of statistical mechanics and quantum theory, which led to his explanations of particle theory and the motion of molecules. He also investigated the thermal properties of light which laid the foundation of the photon theory of light. In 1917, Einstein applied the general theory of relativity to model the large-scale structure of the universe.[6] He was visiting the United States when Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933 and did not go back to Germany, where he had been a professor at the Berlin Academy of Sciences. He settled in the U.S., becoming an American citizen in 1940.[7] On the eve of World War II, he endorsed a letter to President Franklin D. Roosevelt alerting him to the potential developing of "extremely powerful bombs of a new type" and recommending that the U.S. begin similar research. This eventually led to what would become the Manhattan Project. Einstein was in support of defending the Allied forces, but largely denounced using the new discovery of nuclear fission as a weapon. Later, with the British philosopher Bertrand Russell, Einstein signed the...
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