rTABLE OF CONTENTS:
I. GEOGRAPHICAL HISTORY
II. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
III. INDUSTRY AND STATISTICAL DATA
d. VERNACULAR TERMS
V. SYNTHESIS AND PRELIMINARY CONCLUSION
I. GEOGRAPHICAL HISTORY:
Sta. Rita is a pear-shaped town in the heart of Pampanga. Bounded on the north by the mountainous terrain of Porac, on the east of Bacolor, and on the south or southeast of “Wawa” or Guagua. The town is basically agricultural and accessible commercial centers and market transit points. The Olongapo- Gapan- San Fernando serves as its main link to the outside of the town.
II. GEOGRAHICAL LOCATION:
Sta. Rita’s land is generally a flat terrain. A creek winds it’s away from Bacolor to San Isidro passing through barangays San Matias and San Vicente. Mega Dike traverses the Western tipoff the municipality passing through the portions of San Isidro and San Basilio. b. Land Classification
Sta. Rita’s land area of 3, 296 hectares is totally classified as Alienable and Disposal Land by the DENR owing from its very flat terrain. c. Soil Classification and Uses
Sta. Rita’s soil is generally classified as in to three physiographic grouping namely: La Paz fine sand Angeles coarse sand. The main type of soil is sandy loam, which can now be concluded to have originated from the Mt. Pinatubo expulsion. This kind of soil the best suited for rice, sugarcane, vegetables and root crops. d. Climate and Rainfall
Climate is generally fair like the rest of the provinces of Pampanga and the Central Luzon. Type two climates prevail over the town with dry season in the month of December until the first half of May and wet seasons on the second week of May to November. Pronounced rainfall begins from July and lasts up to October.
III. REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
History of Sta. Rita.
Like all Kapampangan towns, Sta. Rita started as a small clearing in a place known as Gasak, now part of Barrio San Isidro. The erection of the church in 1726 formalized the founding of the settlement. Eighteenth century documents indicate that Sta. Rita was an adjunct of Porac as baptismal records were jointly registered in the libros canonicos under these two places. In 1770 or 1771, however, Sta. Rita became independent from Porac, taking its well-deserved place as one of Pampanga’s proud towns.
The town was named after Sta. Rita de Casia, a woman with two sons who had plotted revenge on the killers of their father. But before they could commit a grievous sin, Sta. Rita prayed that they be taken away from her. Her sons fell ill and died. Now alone, she applied to a monastery to be a nun, but her acceptance to the was fraught with much obstacles. Because of her life’s trials, she is invoked by women with troubled marriages and people with desperate problems.
Life in Sta. Rita, however, is anything but troubled or desperate. It is strategically close to Bacolor, the “Athens of Pampanga”, the province’s art and cultural center. In fact, Sta. Rita was long known as“Sta. Rita de Baculud” or “Sta. Rita de Lele” (neighboring Sta. Rita), as Bacolor was where Sta. Rita folks often went for their marketing, accessed via Sta. Barbara. To date, Sta. Rita consists of just ten barangays: Becuran, Dila-Dila, San Agustin, San Basilio, San Isidro, San Jose, San Juan, San Matias, Sta, Monica and San Vicente.
The people of Sta. Rita are known as one of the best agriculturist and sturdy farmers in Pampanga particularly in truck gardening. They were the first to adapt the native deep plowing system of furrowing to the dept or more than 12 inches for planting sugarcane points known locally simberga. Simberga was named after Simeon Vergara, a native of Sta. Rita who first introduced the system. Aside from being one the best agriculture, Sta. Rita during the earlier times had the best brass band in...
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