* Jose Rizal
* born July 19, 2861 in Calamba, Laguna
* baptized by Rev. Rufino Collantes in the Catholic church of Calamba, June 22, 1861 * named “Jose” in honor of St. Joseph
* Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
* Francisco Mercado Rizal – born in Binan, Laguna on May 11, 1818 and died in Manila on January 5, 1898 at the age of 80 * Teodora Alonso Realonda – born in Manila on November 8, 1826 and died in Manila on August 16, 1911 at the age of 85
* Ancestry of Rizal
* Great-great-grandfather was a man named Domingo Lam-co * Rizal’s ancestor was Lakan-Dula, the last Malayan king of Tondo * Gregorio, Manuel and Jose are Rizal’s 3 uncles, brothers of Teodora * Grandfathers – Lorenzo Alberto Alonso and Cipriano Alonso
* The Name “Rizal”
* The original name of the Rizal family was “Mercado” * The term “Rizal” came from the Spanish word racial which means “green field” or “new pasture”.
* The Rizal Family
* Were the first to build a large stone house in Calamba * First to own a carruaje
* First to have a home library
* First to educate their children in the colleges of Manila
* The Rizal Home
* One of the distinguished stone houses in Calamba during the Spanish times. * It was rectangular in shape, “of adobe stone and hardwood with a red-tiled roof”
* Un Recuerdo A Mi Pueblo (In memory of my town) – the poem Rizal wrote in 1876 when he was a student in Ateneo when he remembered his beloved town * Jose was jokingly called Ute
* The people in Calamba knew him as Pepe or Pepito
* Jose loved most the little Concha (Concepcion)
* Concha died of sickness in 1865
* Rizal was a religious boy. A scion of Catholic clan, born and bred in a wholesome atmosphere of Catholicism, and possessed of an inborn pious spirit, he grew up as a Catholic.
* On June 6, 1868, Jose and his father left Calamba to go on a pilgrimage to Antipolo, in order to fulfill his mother’s vow which was made when Jose was born.
* Jose’s first teacher was his Mother
* At the age of three, Jose learned the alphabet and prayers
* The story of the Moth – One of the stories told by Dona Teodora to Jose that made the profoundest impression on him.
Rizal’s three uncles
* They were Gregorio, Jose, and Manuel Alberto Alonso. Brothers of Dona Teodora. * Uncle Gregorio was a lover of books, instilled into Rizal’s mind a great love for books. * Uncle Jose was the youngest brother of Dona Teodora, he encouraged Rizal to paint, sketch and sculpture. * Uncle Manuel was a big, strong and husky man, looked after the physical training of Rizal and encouraged him to learn sports.
* The first known poem that he wrote was a Tagalog poem entitled Sa Aking Mga Kabata. He wrote it in appeal to our people to love our national language.
Influences on Rizal’s Boyhood
* Hereditary influence
* Environmental influence
* Aid of Divine Providence
* He attended a private school under Maestro Justiniano Aquino Cruz, who was reputed to be a good teacher * He was given further instruction by private tutors such as Maestro Celestino and later Maestro Lucas Padua * Leon Monroy, hired by Rizal’s father, taught him his first lessons in Latin * Rizal left Calamba for Binan on June 1870. He was accompanied by Paciano. * Jose challenged a bully named Pedro for making fun of him during class. He defeated the bigger boy and became popular in class. * Andres Lakundanan challenged him to an arm-wrestling and he lost nearly cracking his head on the sidewalk. * He met an old painter named Juancho who...
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