Journalism/ Per. 2
3 March 2013
The History Yellow Journalism
Yellow journalism is sensationalist journalism. In other words, it is when newspapers post bogus, exciting stories to the makes the newspaper sell. Yellow journalism all started out with Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst. Their competition between each other’s newspaper changed the way people view their news and the people who provide it.
Joseph Pulitzer was born in Mako, Hungary on April 10, 1847. Pulitzer was wealthy since he was a child. And got the best education his father could buy. In 1864 Joseph settled in St. Louis and studied English at the Mercantile Library. In 1872 he bought the “St. Louis Post” for $3,000, and six years later he bought the “St. Louis Dispatch” for $2,700. In 1883 he bought the famous “New York World” for $346,000. William Randolph Hearst was born in San Francisco, California on April 28, 1863. Just like Joseph Pulitzer Hearst was very wealthy. He also got the best education that his father could buy. He also had the opportunity to travel the world at a young age, which most people are not able to do. In 1887 William became the proprietor of the San Francisco Examiner. He purchased the “New York Morning Journal” and it closed down nearly thirty years later. Both William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer posted biased opinions that they stated was true to make theirs newspapers sell. With the both of them being in the same area and competing with each the stories got crazier and crazier each issue.
The phrase yellow journalism came from the comic “The Yellow Kid”, which was in Joseph Pulitzer’s newspaper “The New York World”, and William Randolph Hearst’s newspaper “The New York Journal”. The comic was important to the newspaper, because it helped it sell. They used a no-smear yellow ink which is where both the Yellow Kid and Yellow Journalism got its name. Between 1880 and 1890 was when yellow journalism was mostly practiced. It was a dark...