Year 10 History – Research Assignment – Gough Whitlam

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Year 10 History – Research Assignment – Gough Whitlam Part A Edward Gough Whitlam was born on 11th July 1916. He is well known as Gough Whitlam, Australian politician and 21st Prime Minister of Australia. In 1972 he led the Labor Party into government after a period of 23 years of conservative (against reform and progress) government in Australia. Major Policies Gough Whitlam came to office claiming a demand for a wide-ranging program of social reforms. In a lot of activity the government: • Ended conscription and withdrew Australian troops from Vietnam giving students and mothers the peace of mind. • Implemented equal pay for women which influenced more females to work and enjoy the benefits all other males do. • Launched an inquiry into education and funded government and non- government schools on a needs basis to provide equal and more education and resources to students. • Established a separate ministry responsible for aboriginal affairs and supported the idea of land rights which gave Aboriginals the rights and land they deserved. • Recast our foreign policy by withdrawing support for South Africa, recognising China, granting independence to Papua-New Guinea and distancing Australia from USA foreign policy which proved ourselves to be more individual while maintaining strong economical links. • Abolished tertiary education fees and established the Tertiary Education Assistance Scheme to attract more students to study in uni and further education. • Increased pensions. • Established a universal system of health insurance known as Medibank which at that time provided many benefits to the family and which gradually involved to a free medical service to all applicable. • Established controls on foreign ownership of Australian resources to ensure our economical gains go towards us. • Passed the Family Law Act, establishing no-fault divorce which allowed to divorce without reasons. • Passed a series of laws banning racial and sexual discrimination to make...
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