Topics: Nutrition, Obesity, Hypertension Pages: 3 (729 words) Published: March 10, 2013
TMA 01 Y178
Task 1 Part A
To maintain good health, you need a regular intake of nutrients. Nutrients take the form of two substances; macronutrients and micronutrients. Macronutrients are made up of carbohydrates, proteins and fat. Large amounts are needed. Carbohydrates are divided into two categories; simple and complex. Simple carbohydrates are sugar molecules that provide a quick realise of energy, they are easily broken down. Complex carbohydrates take longer to break down and are either starch or fibre molecules. Micronutrients consist of both minerals and vitamins. Vitamins are divided into two categories; fat soluble vitamins A, D, E, K and water soluble C, B vitamins. They are only needed in small quantities. Part B Question 1

Essay plan
To determine biological influences that may affect an individual’s health I am going to discuss two case studies. I will note my findings and then include evidence to support them. Juliet and Obesity

Juliet is a 26 year old lady who has always suffered with obesity. She was really unhappy with her weight and mentioned that she visited “fat shops” to buy clothes that were terrible but that fitted, Juliet would then comfort eat to compensate that unhappiness. Two years ago she decided to join a weight loss group that changed her life completely. Juliet is now at a much healthier weight and partakes in regular exercise and proper diet. Juliet’s story does not mention about her parents and their physique, but could Juliet’s obesity be genetically connected to her mother and father? Finlay et al. (2010, p. 40) states that Studies of adopted children have provided some evidence that obesity has some genetic roots. This evidence makes me believe that there is possibly a genetic link between Juliet’s obesity and her parent’s genetic make up, providing they were also over weight. Genetic and biological factors combined with external influences such as background, environment and social class could all have had an affect...
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