The battles of significance were at Thermopylae and the crucial battle of Salamis where Xerxes was defeated. The Persian strategy for 480 BC7 was to simply progress through Greece in overwhelming force.8 Xerexes arrived and reconnoitered the position of the Greek forces under the Spartan King Leonidas. He finally sent in his troops against the Greek hoplites on the forth day.9 “200 000 Persians were killed in this battle”10 and it was the battle where Xerxes’ tactics were exposed and judged. Diodorus said "the men [Persians] stood shoulder to shoulder" and the Greeks were "superior in valor and in the great size of their shields."11 This is most likely describing the standard Greek phalanx, in which the men formed a wall of overlapping shields and layered spear points, which would have been highly effective as long as it spanned the width of the pass.12 - Diodorus Siculus XI, 7. This also does not fail to expose the sheer strength and competence from each troupe, explicitly the Greeks. “Xerxes’ commanders had warned him that great risks were involved”13,, yet by that time it seemed as though over credence had surpassed him. http://www.livius.org/th/thermopylae/thermopylae2.html.
“Xerxes was fast coming down the country with all his forces to endeavor to force a passage there.” Xerxes – With Engravings. Jacob Abbott. READ BOOKS, 2010 The Greeks set up camp and then waited for orders from Leonidas. When Xerxes' spies told him what the Greeks were doing, “he laughed”. The Greek warriors who fell at Thermopylae bought valuable time for the other Greek city states to gather the military strength required to inflict a decisive defeat on the Persian army. - The Battle of Thermopylae The Valiant Last Stand of the Allied Greek Forces at Thermopylae
Jun 9, 2008 Grant Sebastian Nell
Thermopylae 480 BC - Last stand of the 300 , Nic Fields
This battle by the Persians was a “combination of superior Greek tactics and the Persians' own ineptitude in tactical and strategic planning.” Xerxes failed to see that a smaller, well-trained and equipped force could prevail over a much larger and less...