Xerxes

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The Egyptian revolt and the two Babylonian revolts occurred during periods of attempted Greek expansion and within a very short time frame of each other, they were also conducted in the first years of Xerxes reign. Xerxes wished to direct all attention to carry Darius’ legacy of Greek expansion by continuing invasions. The revolts in the empire may have been in response to defeats and/or evidence suggests the increased taxation burden was of significant influence within these revolts. The consequences were severe and may have been to establish a ruling standard or to immediately contain the revolts to allow resources to be directed at Greek invasion. During his reign there have been three recorded revolts and they are Egypt in 486BC, Babylon in 484BC, and Babylon again in 482BC. Egypt’s revolt in 486BC is recorded as very serious and occurred the same year that Darius had died. Xerxes inherited his father’s plan to add Greece to the Persian Empire, to take revenge on Athens for the help they had given the lonians during the lonian revolt and for the defeat inflicted on the Persians at the battle of Marathon in 490BC. The reasons for the Egyptian revolt were mainly due to the defeat at Marathon, the protest against a rise in taxes designed to finance the military expedition to Greece, against the policy of skilled workers being drafted to work on building projects in Susa and Ecbatana and finally the corruption of the Persian administration. Xerxes was known to have suppressed the revolt very efficiently however the way he did it is considered to have been done harshly and that he had shown no mercy. He immediately sent armed troops to quickly demolish the rebel force. He confiscated their temples, thus earning the hatred of the Egyptian priests. Xerxes removed the two statues of Darius from Persepolis in fear of having them disgraced by the Egyptians. Xerxes removed the title ‘Xerxes pharaoh of Egypt’ from his royal titles. He later appointed his brother...
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