World War one’s origins, although triggered by the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, involved national politics, cultures, economics, alliances, and counterbalances that had developed between European powers since 1870. When World War 1 broke out in 1914 it brought about the formation of the allied forces and their leaders to lead the war against the enemy. Douglas Haig was the Commander-in-Chief of the British forces. The allied leaders were asked to defeat the enemy, in this sense they were successful since the Germans surrendered and the allies won the war. In this essay the success and effectiveness of allied leadership during WWI through the challenges they faced such as inexperience in modern warfare and lack of technologically advanced weaponry, war of attrition, the huge numbers of human casualties and the criticism that came with it, armies made up of inexperienced civilians and how they overcame these challenges to win the war.
The British and their allies had never experienced trench warfare before. Throughout the war the British and the allies learned how to fight a modern war against a tough opponent. As opposed to having dealt with small forces in colonial warfare, in WWI, besides fighting a powerful enemy, the generals had to learn a new type of warfare. Therefore the British and their allies had a number of setbacks during the war. Since the allied generals had to learn a new type of warfare they had a continuous task of approaching the war with new tactics and experimenting with new weapons. The allies were fighting a war of attrition, where they had to continually attack the Germans to wear them down, as it was the only formidable and reasonable strategy at the time. The generals used attrition because they were fighting a powerful enemy who was on defense throughout the war and the allied generals had new experienced this warfare. The armies of the allied forces were also made up of civilians that lacked proper training and...
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