Wuthering Heights (Confinement & Parallelism)

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Wuthering Heights is a book of mirrored parallelisms. The ruinous and dark estate of Wuthering Heights stands opposite the lavish and high class house of Thrushcross Grange. The residents of each home carry the same demeanor as their houses with the miserable and cold people who inhabit the Heights sharing the moors with the refined Lintons of Thrushcross Grange. As the book progresses the reader will find that Bronte has not only chosen locational parallels but also parallels which transcend the two generations of characters present in the novel. The most stark example of these mirrored pairs is that between Heathcliff and Hareton.

Heathcliff’s evolution is one of extreme ups and downs. The novel begins with him being taken in as a street orphan by Mr. Earnshaw and in effect becoming his son. He lives a life of prominence in the household of Wuthering Heights and falls in love with Mr. Earnshaw’s daughter Catherine. Soon after the death of Mr. Earnshaw, Heathcliff is forced to work as a servant under Hindley. To compound the pain he feels from being forced back into the lower class of society, he loses Catherine to Edgar Linton of Thrushcross Grange. It is at this point that he disappears for several years and then returns to the Heights a wealthy, powerful, and vengeful man. Throughout this transformation, Heathcliff is shown as having a pension for physicality and roughness. He much prefers manuel labor to books and stops using the manners taught to him by Mr. Earnshaw once Hindley takes over. The only things that seem to remain a constant in Heathcliff are his love for Catherine and his will power to dominate those around him.

Hareton Earnshaw is Hindley and Frances Earnshaw’s son. Born into a life of prominence under his wealthy parents, he is forced to work as a field laborer once Heathcliff acquires control of the Heights. He is teased for his illiteracy by Cathy and he acts as if it does not affect him but inside it causes him much pain. Hareton is...
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