Wuthering Heights: An Introduction into it’s Era
Wuthering Heights is a gothic novel as its basis is a dark plotline with mysterious events, reflections of life in nature and elements of the supernatural. However it also has contents not common among writers of the Victorian era or gothic styles, in this way Emily Bronte is a pioneer and described as coming before her time. Bronte’s work is as different from the common Victorian novel as she was different from the common Victorian lady. Similarly she shares traits with other lady’s from this time as her novel would share the same. Gothic writings were recognised to be written between 1790 to 1890 and overlap from the Romantic period 1790 to 1830 into the Victorian period which falls between 1832 to 1901. Features of gothic novels include villainy, evil clergy, supernatural, damsel in distress and dark glooming environments. Villainy is portrayed through Hindley his physical assaults, abusive nature and alcoholic tendencies, evil clergy through Joesph however the book also shows a positive side of religion through Nelly who is a positive figure throughout the book. There is no “damsel in distress” Catherine is a rebellious and fierce character and by making Catherine the centre of the book and not following through as a common gothic novelist and having a male protagonist. The dark settings are very prominent in gothic novels; Emily Bronte continues this trend as well as that of supernatural events like Catherine’s ghost haunting Mr. Lockwood. Besides having gothic style romantic novels are also well known for drawing from imagination and had utopian ideas. They were obsessed with neo-classicalism which was traditions and ideas based on elegance and up keep of morals. While Victorian novelist are realists writing on the real life issues of poverty, increasing orphaned population (caused by the boom in factures) and abuse of authority as at this time philosophisers believed that government should not...
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