Wuthering Heights : Appropriateness of title
The underlying universal theme of Wuthering Heights is the co-existence of good and evil. Like Shakespeare's Hamlet, the novel is concerned with the problem of men and destiny; and like Milton's Paradise Lost, it recalls the proud challenge of Satan and the conflict between good and evil which had dominated man's entire history. In the first chapter, when Mr. Heathcliff's tenant Mr. Lockwood of Thrushcross Grange rides a distance of four miles to see his landlord, we are told "Wuthering Heights is the name of Mr. Heathcliff's dwelling", Wuthering being a significant provincial adjective descriptive of the atmospheric tumult to which its station is exposed in stormy weather.
Thus, the house is so named as it is exposed to snow, storms and roaring winds. The Chamber's 20th Century dictionary gives a meaning of Wuthering as "to make a sullen roaring as a wind".
The title refers to the principal scene of action in the nove. Most of the incidents of the novel occur at Wuthering Heights. Heathcliff is brought to the heights from Liverpool by Mr. Earnshaw. The old master Hindley, Heathcliff and Catherine all grew up at the heights. It is at the heights that Heathcliff having been persistently ill-treated by Hindley becomes his inveterate enemy and swears revenge on him. So, the foundation on which the structure of the story is led is Wuthering Heights. It is a story of love and revenge which is centered around the class between the stormy, rude and violent Wuthering Heights and the calm, serene Thrushcross Grange.
Wuthering Heights is the witness of both prosperity and subsequent ruin of the Earnshaw family. Heathcliff was brought here as an orphan boy and Mr. Earnshaw wanted him to be adopted to the happy family life. But as a moor, Heathcliff was destructive, spiteful, jealous that disrupted the normal rhythm of family life at Thrushcross Grange. In the first...