Steven Truscott, Donald Marshall, Guy Paul Morin, David Milgaard| |
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The definition of the criminal justice system is best described as a search for the truth, it is the system of law enforcement, the bar, the judiciary, corrections, and probation that is directly involved in the apprehension, prosecution, and defense, sentencing, incarceration, and supervision of those suspected of or charged with criminal offences. However know human is perfect and due to the justice system being handled by humans, it is also not perfect. In many situations errors are made and such errors lead to circumstances in which an innocent is found guilty; this is called a miscarriage of justice. The definition of Miscarriage of justice is that the failure of a judicial system or court in the administration of justice, especially when an innocent is convicted in a crime. If someone is wrongfully convicted, that person is punished for an offence he or she did not commit and the actual person behind the crime goes free. As well, public confidence in the system declines when wrongful convictions are identified, the reason for this is because it magnifies the flaws in the law and also makes us lose faith in it. There are numerous ways that could possibly cause a miscarriage of justice, for example a non-disclosure of evidence by police or prosecution, confirmation bias on the part of investigators, untruth of evidence, poor identification, and unreliable confessions, etc. In each case there was a lack of evidence, there was a bias opinion due to race or gender, they did deny their rights and lastly they did try to build a case and they convicted an innocent man. During the summer of 1959 in Clinton, Ontario, an innocent fourteen year old boy named Stephen Truscott had to grow up in to a man in no time at all. Justice was not served in the Stephen Truscott case due to many key persons who were involved with the investigation of the murder and rape of Lynne Harper. This case had a high degree of unprofessionalism and so did the conduct of the entire investigation by OPP inspector Graham and staff; they were bias, and had one-sided arguments imposed by the Crown-Attorney. They abuse the medical evidence by an expert witness Dr. Peniston. The coroner OPP and Inspector Graham made numerous errors in the way that they approached this investigation (the murder of Lynn Harper) the police were guided by old laws Steven Murray Truscott who was born on January 18, 1945 in Vancouver, British Columbia is one example of being unjustly convicted. He was a Canadian citizen who was wrongfully convicted for rape and murder of a 12-year-old girl named Lynne Harper. At the age of 14 Steven Murray Truscott, was sentenced to death in 1959 for this crime (murder of Lynne Harper). On December 8, 1959 it was schedule for Steven Murray Truscott to be hanged, however his death sentence was converted into life imprisonment on January 22, 1960. On November 29, 2001, Truscott decided to fill out section 690 of the Criminal Code application; this would allow his 1959 murder conviction to be review. This hearing was reviewed at the Ontario Court of Appeal. On August 28, 2007, after the review of nearly 250 fresh pieces of evidence, Steven Murray Truscott conviction was acknowledged as a miscarriage of justice, he was then formally found not guilty of the crime by the court. Even though he was eventually classified as innocent he still served a long and hard 10 years in jail but received$6.5 million compensation from the Ontario government on July 7, 2008. "We are doing what we can to bring to the conclusion this...