Writing has always been a channel of expressing thoughts. Things we cannot articulate correctly verbally can be asserted through the use of pen and paper. And as a matter of fact, there are things which are better when written than said.
Who didn’t perceive writing an essay as a burden? Who didn’t experience the daily depositing of an entry to a journal? Who didn’t compose reaction papers? How about formal and informal themes? Who didn’t fail to impress their teachers with the introduction of their research paper? Writing is just so essential to every student’s life—from elementary to high school and extending through college—from the simplest to the most complex. In line with the fact that no student can escape from writing, this aims to give them knowledge on how to compose an effective written piece through the use of effective paragraphs. THE PARAGRAPH
A successful, good or effective paragraph is not merely an amalgamation of related units of thoughts called sentences. It serves as a building block of an argument, an instrument of persuasion, a stirrer of a narrative, or a distinctive of a descriptive. It is the framework that provides and develops the main or the controlling idea, or the central topic of a composition called the thesis. Thesis is the object or the topic the writer is to focus on.
A paragraph functions in two ways. First, it is a partition that the reader can see. As the reader reads, he/she can recognize that each paragraph is set apart from each other by spacing and indention; and appears as a division of the whole. Second, a paragraph is the stage where the writer showcases his/her thoughts. A paragraph may be lengthy, depending on the notion it tries to develop. An effective composition is constituted by operative paragraphs. These paragraphs that build up a writing piece (e.g. essay), may be introductory, body, transitional or concluding paragraphs. 1.
These paragraphs hold the reader’s attention and interest using a powerful opening sentence. This sentence must be a “moving” statement that it can engage the reader smoothly to the thesis. One may use a rhetorical question, a quotation, or an anecdote as an introduction. It gives significant background information and context, such as important facts and theories. The introductory paragraph introduces the thesis statement and thereby, focuses the readers notice on the central idea of the composition. 2.
If the readers are already fully engaged in reading using the presentation of the thesis in the introductory paragraph, the body paragraph functions as the developer of this controlling idea. This is found in the middle of a composition. 3.
If the writer wants to shift from one sub-topic of the thesis to another, he/she may use transitional paragraphs for smooth alteration. It guides readers to connect one paragraph to other paragraphs. Readers may find them in a composition or they may not see any. 4.
These paragraphs reassert and reinforce the thesis of the composition. Everything in a concluding paragraph is drawn from the ideas developed in the preceding paragraphs. Its goal is to leave the readers satisfied or persuaded with the proposition made by the writer. This is usually found at the end of the composition. WRITING AN EFFECTIVE PARAGRAPH
Having been acquainted with the 4 kinds of paragraphs, we shall now discuss how to write an effective one.
A good paragraph has three major characteristics: unity, development and coherence. 1.
A paragraph is united when it has only one topic sentence to be discussed. The topic sentence names the main point of a paragraph, gives the reader a sense of direction, and condenses the paragraph’s main point. A compelling topic sentence makes the reader read more. It may or may not be in the beginning of a paragraph, although it ordinarily comes from there. As a unit, the paragraph must not contain...
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