Globalization has caused massive opportunities for criminals to extend their business. Since the Cold War the global governance has failed to keep up with the pace of economic globalization. Economic globalization has opened up to trade, finance, travel, and communications. This is good for the United States as far as the economy is concerned. The criminal justice system has more crimes to deal with that expand beyond their borders because of globalization.
Transitional organized crime has made its way to the international agenda recently. The United Nations High-level identified transitional organized crime as a threat the world should be concerned with. Organized crimes include trafficking drugs, firearms and people, maritime piracy, and cybercrimes. Transporting these items internationally presents a problem for officers of the law. Their jurisdictions stop them from investigating and arresting suspected offenders. Law enforcement officials conceive the TOC as groups of people because of the tools they possess can they can only arrest and seize individuals. Law enforcement does not have enough tools to make arrests as they should (United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime). These global crimes are hard to resolve because like conventional crimes these are victimless. Citizens rarely report organized crimes to police so they have to gather all information themselves. Some agencies fall short in mandate and capacity and can not resolve these global crimes.
The world ahs three major legal systems Civil, common, and Islamic law. Civil law originated in the Roman Empire and extended to Europe (Glenn200, 119). When the empire declined so did its legal system. In the 11th to 13th centuries Rome revised the European system. The revision gave key legal codes that influenced Europe and other colonized territories (David and Brierley, 1985). Common law came from the British Isles following the military...