Worlds Together, Worlds Apart Chapter 13

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During 1600-1750, the explorers from the countries of Europe continue to explore for new countries to populate and riches to export back to their country. Some of the reasons the Europeans felt enhanced to the natives they came upon were their superior technology and different religious beliefs. The civilizations of Asia and the Middle East remained within their natural boundaries because the leaders of Japan, China, India and the Middle East were comfortable within their countries. New ideas exchanged with the people of different cultures bring new learning, inventions, and technology especially to the growing cities of Europe. Europe becomes the center of wealth, power, and colonization. The need for silver, sugar, spices, silks, cotton and porcelain drove trade so that products from each global region could be found virtually everywhere else. Silver allowed economies to become commercialized and began to strengthen the hand of European trade. Some states became stronger because of trade( England, France, Holland, Japan). Others became destabilized( the Mughals, the Ming, the Ottomans, the Savafids). European found wealth in the new worlds fertile lands by building plantations or harvesting furs. Wealth turned to military power very quickly. Economics and politics became closely intertwined with one providing resources and the other defense. Settlement of the Caribbean gave a boost to the African slave trade. Plantation managers worked slaves to death under horrifying living conditions, slaves worked six days a week morning to night. Slaves were transported to slave ports along the African coast where many died of hunger and disease waiting for a ships hold to be full. African slavers who captured and sold slaves to European buyers profited greatly. Regional leaders fought over control of the slave trade. Port cities harbored most wealth while the interior became penniless and stripped of its country population. The Dutch East India Company monopolized the...
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