World War One Notes- Thegreat War 8 Hr.Lng Movie

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-Was a war of firsts- first use of chemical weapons, mass bombardments, genocide, new technology -The war ‘coloured what happened before and what will happen after’ -Many took up arms, reached the battlefield; everyone became a soldier (at heart or in actual). Most believed a war would rebuild the world and purify the riffraff. -Wilfred Owen- a soldier who was optimistic about the war; believed it would be over soon and had no danger to begin with since he saw all of the high-tech artillery that Britain had. Was regarded as one of the leading poets of the war. Siegfried Sassoon influenced his shocking yet realistic poetry. Believed the worst part was to be living so long by dead bodies and body parts. Died from shell shock -Thomas and Susan Owen his parents

-Instability brought by Keiser Wilhelm led to war; he wanted to be seen as the embodiment of Germany; wanted to impress his people and army -He had a handicap arm- no nerve in his arm which was a result of some defect during birth. Withered arm always traumatized him. He felt unappreciated and incapable of doing things; his nature was a result of the difficulty he faced with his arm. Obsessed with sea and battleship in his childhood. At age 18, he joined the army; at age 29 he was emperor of Germany. He announced and arranged for a powerful army to be built which would be the most powerful- Britain would become insecure since they had the best navy -Germany’s only ally left would be the Austrian-Hungarian empire- however they were unsteady itself. Due to this, Germany was now surrounded by enemies. -Became advanced through the technology explosion such as electricity, automobiles, airplanes -Imbalance of power and inequality produces sense of trouble -Suffragettes- advocated women’s rights, in particular right to vote. It was believed women weren’t as smart/intelligent as men. -Peaceful protest turned to violent actions to get people’s attention, i.e. Emily Davison who blocked a horse-track, but she was run over and lost her life in 1913. Women starved themselves in prisons, they were force-fed -In response to the suffragettes’ violence, the government began a campaign to block suffragettes- they were treated as criminals -Working people embraced banner of socialism; workers demanded justice and Jean Jaures was a French socialist leader. He was assassinated at the outbreak of WWI as he was an antimilitarist. ¼ million people marched against the war. He acknowledged the problem in Europe and wanted to stop the war. Despised imperialism; was a radical socialist. In 1912 held first peaceful conference, Jean plays Beethoven’s Ode to Joy-a German musician -Nicolas II of Russia was at the wrong place at the wrong time. He never wanted to lead the army and was thus unprepared for war. -The concept of Pan-Slavism and ethnicity allied Russia and Serbia in a treaty of protection, and Germany and Austria were similarly allied. Territorial conflict created rivalries between Germany and France and between Austria and Serbia, and as a consequence alliance networks developed across Europe. The Triple Entente and Triple Alliance networks were set before the war, but only understood by allied government leaders and kept secret from the greater public. The assassination of Ferdinand tripped these alliance networks bringing each country into conflict with one another as each independently declared war. -Rasputin-a Russian mystic was thought to have special powers by all. Alexandra (Nicolas’ wife) had genes of hemophilia (descended from the British Queen Victoria) which was passed on to their only son Alexei. Whenever Alexei was ill, Alexandra called Rasputin to heal him, and reportedly it did work. He was said to possess the ability to heal through prayer and was indeed able to give the boy some relief, in spite of the doctors' prediction that he would die. -Millions of middle-class Germans believed there should be war if it was for the...
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