World War II Timeline
1.30.1933- Adolf Hitler becomes Chancellor of Germany, bringing ideas of Nazi Party with him June
6.14.1933- Nazi party outlaws all other political parties, signaling the beginning of a totalitarian regime October
10.1933- President Roosevelt recognizes the USSR and establishes diplomatic relations 10.14.1933- Germany leaves the League of Nations
12.29.1934- Japan denounces the Washington Naval Treaty of 1922 and the London Naval Treaty of 1930, identifying that Japan would no longer abide by the treaties which were intended to prevent an arms race and massive navies.
3.16.1935- Hitler violates the Treaty of Versailles by enforcing military conscription. This signifies that Germany was re-arming itself and preparing for war. August
8.31.1935- President FDR signs First Neutrality Act- prohibiting arms shipments to wartime belligerents October
10.3.1935- Italy, under the Fascist regime of Benito Mussolini, invades Ethiopia.
2.29.1936- President FDR passes Second Neutrality Act this act renewed the First Neutrality Act (1935), and also forbade the granting of loans to wartime belligerents March
3.7.1936- German troops occupy the Rhineland. Germany was forbidden to take over more land, as per the Treaty of Versailles.
7. 18.1936- Civil War erupts in Spain
11.1.1936- Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany come together, forming the Rome-Berlin Axis. This event holds significance because it was alliances which brought the world into WWI. 11.25.1936- Nazi Germany and Imperial Japan sign the Anti-Comintern Pact. This pact was aimed directly against the Soviet Union and the International Communist Movement.
7.7.1937- Japan invades Nanking, China, killing more than 250,000, most of whom were civilians. This attack essentially begins the “War in the Pacific” September
9.14.1937- President FDR forbids US ships to carry arms to China or Japan, again signaling American Neutrality. October
10.5.1937- President FDR gives a speech in which he urges the 'collective security and quarantining of aggressor nations'. This implies the fact that FDR would like the US to remain isolationist.
12.12.1937- Japan sinks the gunboat, the U.S.S. Panay in the Yangtze River in China. Japan formally apologizes after the attack, and pays reparations to the US
2.20.1938- Chancellor of Germany, Adolf Hitler, formally announces that Germany will support Japan. This further incites desire for war as now three nations (Japan, Germany and Italy) have once again entangled alliances, coupled with militarism and previous actions show a great potential for a second world war. March
3.12.1938- Germany launches Anschluss,(union) with Austria.
3.13.1938- Germany annexes Austria.
5.17.1938- Naval Expansion Act is passed. This act allotted $1 billion for the US to build a “Two Ocean Navy,” or a navy which would have bases in both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. This act recognized the need for protection on both coasts of the country. September
9.29.1938- Munich Pact- Britain, France, Germany and Italy sign the Munich Pact, allowing Germany to invade the Czechoslovakian territories known as the Sudetenland. Britain chose to utilize a policy of appeasement in making the decision to sign the pact.
1.4.1939- US/Germany/Italy Correspondence- FDR writes to Mussolini and Hitler, requesting that they not attack any country, on a specified list, for 10 years. Hitler writes back saying that FDR has “nothing to fear.” This statement by Hitler may be determined to be mocking FDR, as in his inaugural address, FDR stated, “we have nothing to fear, but fear itself.” 1.5.1939- Senatorial Rejection- The Senate rejected a Presidential request for permission to offer economic assistance to Britain and/or France in case of...
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