University of Phoenix
Western ideals and World War II
Hundreds of philosophers and historians possess the concern of how the modern world has come into being. Many issues, from The Great War to World War II have effects society today. This paper will trace the rise of totalitarianism in Italy as well as other European countries between 1918 and 1939, and the contrast to political developments in Great Britain, France, and the United States. In this paper the subject to explain is the Holocaust in the context of World War II and Western ideals, including the roots of anti-Semitism and intolerance of those considered inferior in Germany, a comparison of anti-Semitic actions in Germany, also an explanation of The Final Solution. This paper concludes with a description of the aftermath of World War II. The Rise of Totalitarianism in Italy
Political changes totalitarianism and fascism in Italy during 1918. Benito Mussolini advocated a violent revolution to over throw the parliamentary monarchy within Italy and denounced nationalism. Mussolini celebrated Italy entering the war; he also noticed the dissatisfaction of many homebound soldiers focused on the Treaty of Versailles. In effort to persuade Italy into the war, Allied Powers promised Italy large portion of territorial gains. In 1920 Mussolini had convinced many soldiers to break up strikes, the Black shirts garnered their support also shared their communist sentiments. The police refused to stop the squads, allowing the Black shirts freedom to inflict damage they wished. Political development in Italy changed drastically the old system to the way other countries had begun to handle their politics. Through the use of propaganda Hitler change the entire way the people of Germany thought he practiced a policy of racial superiority of the Germans. Hitler called Germans Aryans, and people were sorted by the correct ethnic group purity. Causes of World War II
The effects of the great depression had harmed the entire nation nearly every family felt the catastrophic damage caused. The stock market crashed in the fall of 1929 investors had lost some forty billion dollars. During the great depression the nation economic health worsened, President Hoover maintained medical relief was not necessary. Thousand among thousands worker laid-off from their only jobs, business owners went bankrupt and at least five thousand banks failed (Mark Kishlansky, Patrick Geary, and Patricia O’Brien 2009). Anti-Semitism and Intolerance
Under fascism anti-Semitism was associated with such politicians and writers Paolo Orano, Roberto Farinacci, Telesio Interlandi and Giovanni Preziosi although, initially at least, Jews took part to set up and were permitted to join the National Fascist Party and a handful, notably Aldo Finzi, gained a high profile until the 1938 racial laws. On 28 July 1938, Pope Pius XI made a speech at Propaganda Fide college, expressing the view that mankind is a single, large, universal human race (...) [with] no room for special races, and the Alliance Israélite Universelle thanked him for that speech. While some Roman Catholic prelates tried to find compromises with fascism, several others spoke out against racism. The Archbishop of Milan, cardinal Schuster, who had supported Amici Israel, condemned racism as heresy and an international danger (...) not lesser than bolshevism in his 13 November 1938 homily at Milan Cathedral (Sergio Pagano 2009).
Comparison of Anti-Semitic Actions
After World War 1, the German government was facing thousands of difficult problems as society search for someone to blame for the defeat in the First World War. Extremists from all sides sent threats to revolts. The extreme inflation causes Thousands of Germans to have any faith in the German government. Hitler gains control of the Nazi party in the 1920s, an organization, which is anti-Semitic....