World War Ii Research Paper: Hiroshima and Nagasaki

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In the midst of World War II, August 1945, the United States unleashed the first ever atomic bomb attack on Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The usage of the atomic bomb was effective, but at the same time devastating and unnecessary. The United States should not have dropped the atomic bomb because it maimed countless of Japanese civilians, caused radiation poisoning whose effects impacted future generations, left both cities in ruins, left citizens homeless, and it was absolutely unmoral for the United States to have created such havoc and chaos in these two cities. Being there on the day Hiroshima was struck by the atomic bomb, junior high student, Akihiro Takahashi remembers the horrors of that fateful day as he was interviewed saying, “I saw a man whose skin was completely peeled off the upper half of his body and a woman whose eye balls were sticking out. Her whole baby was bleeding. A mother and her baby were lying with skin completely peeled off.”[i] Such first hand accounts outline the brutality Japanese victims were forced to go through on those fateful days. Indeed the notorious events of Hiroshima and Nagasaki could and should have been prevented.

Statistically speaking, numerous lives were taken either as a direct result or indirectly when the atomic bombs were unleashed in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Before Hiroshima was devastated with the atomic bomb, it provided home and shelter to 255,000 civilians. Yet seconds after the bomb was delivered, countless found themselves breathing their last and their hearts contracting no more. An estimated 66,000 were counted dead and another 69,000 were recorded injured. There were approximately 135,000 casualties in Hiroshima alone. Prior to the events in regards to the atomic bomb, Nagasaki proved home to around 195,000 people. The single event of the atomic bomb wiped out nearly a fifth of the city’s population as the bomb murdered 39,000 people instantly and left another 25,000 injured. Some of the causes resulting in the immediate death of many following the dropping of the atomic bomb included: burns, falling debris, and flying glass.[ii] These numbers should not simply be regarded as statistics, but as individual lives whose duration on this earth were cruelly taken away from them, as they suffered the excruciating consequences caused by the dropping of the atomic bomb. 13 years old at the time of the atomic bomb incident in Hiroshima, Tomiko Morimoto recalls the atrocities of that day of devastation as she reminisces during an interview saying, “Dead people all over. All over! Particularly, I can remember… I saw a Japanese soldier that was still mounted right on his horse -- just dead! Also that a streetcar had stopped just at that moment [of the bomb] and the people still standing, dead."[iii] Indeed there was much fear, suffering, and death during the chaotic days when the two Japanese cities were terrorized by the atomic bombs and its relentless ability to inflict agony.

Along with the countless that were maimed instantly after the atomic bombs were dropped, many were left to suffer in critical conditions. When the atomic bomb was dropped, it unleashed a huge amount of toxic radiation, which led to radiation sickness and acute radiation syndrome. The overexposure to radiation caused by the nuclear bombing caused blood cell abnormalities, high fevers, chronic fatigue, diarrhea, vomiting, hair loss, depression, and many other disheartening consequences. Japanese citizens’ sufferings were also comprised of cancer and impaired immune systems, which increased their susceptibility to infection.[iv] During an interview with Francis Mitsuo Tomosawa, he revealed, “In conventional bombings, if someone is hurt but survives, they heal — and that's it, they've survived. The atomic bomb, though, is different because of the radiation it creates, and the effects from that continue for many years. For example, that's why survivors come down with cancer. My mother developed cancer at the...
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