World War Ii and Eastern European States

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HISTORY ROUTE 2 HIGHER LEVEL AND STANDARD LEVEL PAPER 2 Tuesday 11 May 2010 (afternoon) 1 hour 30 minutes INSTRUCTIONS TO CaNdIdaTES  not open this examination paper until instructed to do so. do  answer two questions, each chosen from a different Topic.  Questions in this paper must be answered with reference to events and developments in the twentieth century. Where the word region is used in questions in this paper, it refers, unless otherwise defined, to  the four regions which are the basis of the regional studies for Higher Level Paper 3.


4 pages © International Baccalaureate Organization 2010

–2– Topic 1 1. Causes, practices and effects of wars


Discuss the part played in the outbreak of the First World War by two states (excluding Germany).


Analyse the reasons for, and the results of, either the Spanish Civil War (1936–1939) or the Chinese Civil War (1946–1949). Assessthesignificanceofnavalwarfareindeterminingtheoutcomeofonetwentiethcenturywar. “Manytwentiethcenturywarshadthecharacteristicsofbothalimitedandatotalwar.”Withreference to twowarsexplaintowhatextentyouagreewiththisstatement. Forwhatreasons,andwithwhatresults,didIranandIraqfightawarfrom1980to1988?

3. 4.




Topic 2 7.

Democratic states – challenges and responses

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages for democratic states of (a) a written constitution, and (b)anunwrittenconstitution. In 1963 John Kennedy said: “We are concerned with a moral issue, whether all Americans are to be given equal rights and equal opportunities”. To what extent did John Kennedy solve this moralissue? Compare and contrast the social and economic policies of two of the...
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