World War 2

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2/15/12

DBQ: World War II
The Road to War

During the early 1920's many people thought that peace had finally been reached. However, in the late 1920's and throughout the 1930's, they realized that they were wrong. Dictators came into power in countries that were displeased with the results of World War I. Germany, Italy and Japan wanted power, so they took aggressive action that not even The League of Nations could stop. British Prime Minister Chamberlain thought that the best way to deal with Hitler was by following a policy of appeasement, but not everybody agreed with him. That is why the causes of World War II vary depending on different perspectives.

Many countries became involved in World War II in 1939 because in the mid-1930's, nobody tried to stop German aggression, such as the tragic events that occurred during Adolf Hitler's rule. Countries that gave into German aggression thought that they were avoiding war. Even after they found out otherwise, they were unwilling to get involved in stopping the aggression. Hitler wanted to conquer all German-speaking areas in Europe, and he was determined to use force upon all who resisted German domination (Document 1). When Hitler first came into power, nobody really knew the full extent of his intentions. At first, Hitler promised to end communism in Germany and pay all war debts that Germany had incurred. Since Hitler was able to accomplish these initial promises, it was very easy for him to manipulate the people of Germany to do exactly what he wanted. In Britain, Prime Minister Chamberlain's tactic to appease Hitler was meant to keep Britain out of the War, and that Europeans could solve their problems peacefully (Document 5). However, Chamberlain also believed that if conditions changed and any one nation made up its mind to dominate the world by force, then Britain would have to fight (Document 5). British Historian, A.J.P. Taylor, also believed that appeasement was an appropriate policy at...
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