World War 1 Trench Warfare

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World War One was a four year war, it started in 1914 and ended in 1918.over 12 countries were involved, for example Belgium, France, Italy and America. WW1 started for many reasons. For instance militarism (building up strong armed forces to prepare for war), Alliances (an agreement between counties to work together to achieve a common goal), imperialism (policy of powerful countries seeking to control the economic and political affairs of weaker or smaller countries) and nationalism (strong feeling of pride, loyalty and protectiveness for ones country. Also Germany wanted control over the world. WW1 was very special though. It was unique for many reasons, like Trench Warfare, propaganda and all of the new weaponry.

Trench Warfare was a form of fighting in WW1 with heavy artillery bombardments, attacks and counter attacks across open land, and the use of poison gas. No body expected the war to last as long as it did (4 years). Trenches were built to protect yourself from the enemy(s). Trenches were generally around two meters deep and two meters wide. There was three rows. The first row was called the frontline trench. The frontline was the closest to no mans land (the land controlled by neither side of a war), it was also the most dangerous because that was were most of the fighting went on. The second row was called the support trench. It was back-up to the frontline, just in case the enemy got passed. The third and last row was called the reserves. This is were they kept all the supplies and equipment. Also there was communication tunnels connecting the trenches, they were used to transport supplies and messages to the other trenches. Trenches were very unhealthy. Lice, rats and all sorts of vermin occupied the trenches. There was little to no running water, the bathrooms consisted of a bucket in the trench. Also there was dead bodies covering all of the land. Worst of all, there was rats. They would eat dead bodies, or eat out the eyes and live in the...
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