World War 1 Research Project

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Table of Contents
Introduction…………………………………………………................................03

How had science and technology changed the nature of warfare?......................................................................................................04

How awful was daily life for soldiers in the trenches?…………………………………………………......................................10

Why was defending the Ypres Salient so difficult?………………………………………………….......................................15

Why was the Battle of the Somme such a disaster?…………………………………………………......................................17

Personal Research on the Graves and Memorials of Soldiers…………………………………………………….....................................0

Conclusion.................................................................................................0

Why was the war on the Western Front so dreadful for British Soldiers? Introduction:
In this project, my primary focus is on answering the question ‘Why was the war on the Western Front so dreadful for British Soldiers?’ In my project I will discuss the New Technologies, How awful daily life was for a soldiers in the trenches, Why defending the Ypres salient was difficult, Why the battle of Somme was such a disaster and finally some research on graves I visited on the battlefields. I will analyse sources and hopefully come to a conclusion. In addition to this, I will be making inferences and explaining how the different parts of the war were significant. World War 1, sometimes called the Great War was centred in Europe; it began on the 28th July 1914 and lasted until November 1918. The war started because a group of young men called the Black Hand were asked to assassinate Franz Ferdinand, when they heard the archduke, the future Austria-Hungary King was coming to Sarajevo on the 28th June 1914. From the assassination, this then made one thing lead to the other. Essentially, war broke out like this: -Serbian nationalist killed Franz Ferdinand on the 28th June 1914. This then caused Austria-Hungary to declare war on Serbia to eliminate the nationalists. The following day 29th June 1914 Russia prepares for war on Austria-Hungary to protect its ally Serbia. On the 1st August 1914 Germany declared war on Russia to help her ally Austria-Hungary. On following day 2nd August 1914 France declares war on Germany to protect their ally Russia. Then on the 3rd August Germany declares war on France and wrongly decides to invade through Belgium. Then on the 4th August 1914 Britain declares war on Germany to support its ally Belgium and France. It involved all the world’s greatest countries which were assembled in two opposing alliances, the allies based on the Triple Entente of the UK, France and Russia, against the central European alliance or Triple Alliance consisting of Germany, Austria Hungary and Italy. However during the war Italy changed sides to join the allies. Originally Germany never would have thought the UK would enter the war because it was over a scrap of paper and not many countries would keep a promise over a scrap of paper and risk a lot of soldiers getting killed, however the UK kept their word and stuck to their promise of agreeing to help France and Russia in the war.

How had science and technology changed the nature of warfare? In the First World War a variety of new inventions were being introduced due to the development of science and technology, therefore it had changed the nature of warfare and near enough everything about World War I. Machine Guns

The machine gun was a unique and devastatingly effective form of technology which could be fired automatically without stop until it would overheat or until it lacked ammunition. The benefits of a machine gun is that you did not need to directly and precisely aim at just one soldier, you could simply spray the weapon at vast numbers of soldiers; this was the case...
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