World Tobacco Prevention

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The Politics of the Evolution of Global Tobacco Control: The Formation and Functioning of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

Hadii M. Mamudu

Dissertation submitted to the Eberly College of Arts and Sciences At West Virginia University In partial fulfillment of the requirements For the degree of

Doctor of Philosophy In Political Science

Donley T. Studlar, Ph.D, Chair Geri A. Dino, Ph.D Jeffrey S. Worsham, Ph.D Jamie E. Jacobs, Ph.D Joe D. Hagan, Ph.D Department of Political Science

Morgantown, West Virginia 2005

Keywords: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC), LiberalConstructivism, Transnationalism, “Low Politics,” “Best Practices,” Diffusion, Transfer, Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF), Transnational Advocacy Groups (TAGs), Epistemic Communities, Middle-Level Theories Copyright 2005 Hadii M. Mamudu

ABSTRACT

The Politics of the Evolution of Global Tobacco Control: The Formation and Functioning of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) Hadii M. Mamudu

The study investigates the politics behind the evolution of tobacco as a global issue leading to adoption of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) in May 2003. The study relies on liberal-constructivist perspective to analyze the transformation of tobacco control between 1960 and 2003. The study uses a combination of elite interview and content analysis. It found that the presence of an international organization with constitutional powers in tobacco control, WHO and the diffusion and transfer of knowledge, information, and ideas about tobacco use and tobacco control contributed to the emergence of tobacco control as a global phenomenon and the FCTC.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

Life in the United States in general, and Morgantown, West Virginia would not have been possible without the support of countless number of people. Still, my most heartfelt thanks go to my mum, Zuwerah and my dad, Mamudu for their encouragement throughout my stay and academic work at West Virginia University (WVU). My second thanks go to my uncle, Issah for his financial support and for being there whenever I needed him. Beyond the family members, many people at the Political Science Department of West Virginia University made my academic work fun. In this respect, I say thank you to all members of my dissertation committee – Donley Studlar (Chair), Jamie Jacobs, Jeff Worsham, Geri Dino, and Joe Hagan. I am glad that you took time out of your summer vacation schedules to ensure that this study is concluded. Also, I say thank you to the Political Science Department for giving me the opportunity to embark on this doctoral program. I appreciate the help and support of the administrative staff especially Becky, throughout my stay at the department. Finally, I cannot end this without saying thank you to all my colleagues. They made my doctoral work fun. Although it is difficult to single out any person, I cannot help but to say special thank you to Dave, Lt. Col. Kong, Kyoung, Chaun, Korok, and Teresa. I appreciate your friendliness a lot. There is actually life beyond academic work. For this reason, I say thank you to all members of the African Students’ Association and Circle-K International of WVU. I appreciate the bond we established throughout my stay in Morgantown. In addition, I say thank you Katherine Bankole, Araba and Ben Dawson for your encouragement even when the task ahead seems insurmountable. Ben Dawson, I will always remember your encouraging words: “Hard work will not kill you, but will only make you a better person.” Also, I say thank you to Odhiambo, Fred, Yemi, Bossman, Gashew, Muriel, and Nicho for support and friendship throughout my stay in Morgantown. Finally, thank you all the interviewees of this study. I am glad that you consented to the interviews, and shared your knowledge on the subject matter of this study with me.

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Dedicated to Jeff Worsham for bringing me to West Virginia University and Donley...
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