Before the industrial revolution there was an agricultural revolution. They started tell people oh you make this and that. Then families would and people will come around and buy what you made from you and you get money which will help you. Then they thought that they shouldn’t have to travel they should be in a building and have people come to them. They also thought they could have more people to help them so there will be many people weaving or whatever but the sad part of it was the fact that the first workers were orphans. The youngest child was at least 5 and they had to sign a contract that say they will be working for their employer until they turn 21. Spinning Jenny: production, Water Frame: production and energy, Steam Engine: energy and transportation, Coke and Cort’s puddling furnace.
Things that were revolutionized: transportation, communication, production, urban centers, use of energy.
• Child Labor
• Overcrowded cities
• Terrible conditions, danger, unsanitary, etc.
• Lead to many reforms
• New wealth with factory owners
• Malthus and Ricardo: ideas on population and wages.
- Malthus said we need positive checks to control the population such as famine, prostitutes, abortions, wars, etc.
Ricardo say keep the wages the same because the poor people will not have any more kids and stay poor. He said if you give a poor person more money all they going to do is go get pregnant again.
- Owen and Utopians
- Labor Movement
Factory Act 1833: Regulates child labor
Mines Act 1842: Women and young boys not allowed underground in mines
o Family structure changes with factory labor laws
Spreads to Europe mainland
European nations begin to recruit engineers to illegally leave Britain and share technology
Nations believe that they must contribute to industry [continues]
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