World Order - Evaluating the Effectiveness of the Domestic & International Methods of Combating International Crime

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World Order is the collective balance of power among nation states in the world. Their aim; to promote international peace and harmony and reduce conflict. Where there are differences between nation states, conflicts occur in the form of differing cultural attitudes or aspiration of territory and power. States use their interdependence and state sovereignty to employ their varying morality and ethics which can become problematic and disrupt the balance of power among nation-states. This can also cause a destabilisation in the region and global community and thus, a world issue to arise. Crimes against humanity are also considered a world issue, which occurs when a conflict, such as a civil war within a country “breaks-out”. The conclusion may result in the conflict spilling into other neighbouring nation states. This causes a World Issue and hence the quintessential need for World Order. The ability of legal measures to address these issues is hindered by nation-state’s sovereignty due to differing morality and values. World issues can become apparent in many different ways which range from terrorism to ideological disputes. Contemporary major issues are more likely to manifest in the form of: cyber-warfare, intrastate disputes and access to resources. An example of how world issues can manifest is in the form of intrastate warfare. This comprises of civil wars, guerrilla war or wars waged by the government on its citizens. This is usually in the situation of a dictorial regime or government’s lack of ‘rule of law’. Furthermore many developing countries, most notably within Africa, are subject to the scars of colonialisation and the power vacuum created as a by-product, which instigated wrongful or biased governmental appointments. Consequently the appointments cause democidal acts by the government which result in ‘crimes against humanity’, grave violations of human rights and mass atrocities which include the killings of innocent people. In Syria, an uprising, dubbed the ‘Spring Uprising’, took place with the aim to overthrow the government’s oppressive regime. However, the UN’s Security Council is unable to respond because of Russia and China’s differing perspectives on sovereignty. Their argument against action is that within passing of action in Libya, the response they condoned caused regime change over Colonel Gaddafi that they felt the UN mandate did not accommodate and so they did not agree (described in more detail below in R2P). In order to promote international peace and harmony and reduce conflict internationally, many international measures are put in place to do so. All the international measures which are employed and adhered to, have been developed over many decades of war, brutality and explicit ‘illegal’ acts condemned by the rest of the world community. The United Nations is a world federation which culminates the majority (192) of world states. It was established in 1945 – post World War II – with the intention to never again let the world experience such gargantuan destruction the world war’s brought. The United Nation’s (The UN’s) aim is to: promote the idea that everyone has a human right, become the hub of international law, enable dialogue between countries and act as a court of world opinion on issues of great importance. The UN is supplemented by the UN Charter. This multilateral treaty outlines the rights and obligations the UN members have – Article 1. Moreover, it also discloses the structure of the UN. There are five major factions, they are: The General Assembly, the Secretariat, the Economic and Social Council, International Court of Justice and the Security Council. The Security Council is the main protagonist for there to be action to maintain international peace and security. It consists of five permanent nation states, the winners of World War II: The United Kingdom, the United States, France, China and Russia as well as ten non-permanent states selected geographically around the...
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