“Mostly a distribution problem”
Have you ever thought about how much food the world wastes and how this increases world hunger? It has been proven that of all the food produced for human consumption, over one-third of it is lost during a year and over the 35% of that would feed all the people who lack food in the world (Gunders). The planet is experiencing times of great frustration with this. While the birthrate increases approximately one percent every year, the food just does not get to all the people (Gunders). World hunger is an ancient problem in the world, in which Asia and Africa have been experiencing increasing alarming rates of starvation that demands a solution. World hunger is not due to a lack of food, but rather a disproportionate population distribution and an inadequate mismanagement of supplies. The lack of food is more a myth than reality. The amount of grain produced in the world today could provide for each person on the planet to have the equivalent of two loaves of bread per day (Brown). Our current food production could feed seven billion people, plenty enough for the six billion people living on Earth (Gunders). However, it is evident by the number of deaths and suffering that exists in some continents, which hunger still persists.
Over the years it has been demonstrated that the amount of food the world has lost or wasted has increased dramatically. About 1974 people on the US had the manners of saving food because the production in the world was not the efficient that it is today (Femmer). Today we live in a world where food production has increased in a way where developed countries have an excess of food and people develop the custom to throw food instead of sharing or saving it; as a result the food waste increased to 1400 calories per day from 900 on 1974, only in the US (Femmer). That means about 75 trillion calories are wasted in a year. Instead they could be used to feed over 145 million people (Green). This numbers have to change in order to do well on distribution. The majority of food produced in the world is in economically developed countries such as the US, which has an over production of supplies. Meanwhile countries with hunger problems do not have the advantages of equipment and a self-sustaining market to encourage farmers to increase their production. With this the major producers of food in the world have a monopoly of the food production, causing a disorder on the world´s food distribution. A good example of this is Ghana. Twenty years ago the government started to initiate a program to increase the production of coffee in the country and then export it. For a few years, everything went well, but by late 1980`s and 1990`s the global market started to focus almost all their attention in the South American coffee producers and more economically developed Colombia. As a result Ghana’s price of coffee plummeted and the industry collapsed and suffered a small economic crisis (Frayrich). As developed countries monopolize the food around the world, they start to over produce and start making money with exportations so rich countries grow even richer, with this the less economically developed countries are not able to compete on the food market and require to buy the food that they don’t have to the monopoly owners (Mcandles). With this appears another problem, transportation. Most countries that do not have the resources to self supply themselves with products have to import them, and the same happens with food. There are many causes for not having the well to produce, in which the lack of fertile land, the little technology and money are the most common ones (Lee). That is why importations occur, but the essential problem of it is the cost of transportation. Food as well as other products is exported, but due to transportation costs “hunger” countries cannot buy that food and the percentage of food wasted increases. As those countries that do not export their...
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