World History Questions

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Chapter 2 1. How can the term CIVILIZATION be culturally biased? 2. How did Egyptʼs geography and climate influence religion and the outlook of the people? How did climatic events taking place from the fifth to the third millennium BCE affect the growth of Egypt? 3. Compare and contrast the development of commerce in Mesopotamia and Egypt. Why did their styles differ? 4. Account for the differing status of women in Mesopotamian and Egyptian society. The definition of civilization is a “certain kind of development of a human society. A civilized society is often characterized by advanced agriculture, long-distance trade, occupational specialization, and urbanism. Aside from these core elements, civilization is often marked by any combination of a number of secondary elements, including a developed transportation system,writing standards of measurement (currency, etc.), legal systems, architecture, mathematics, sophisticated metallurgy and astronomy. “ The term civilization can be culturally biased if the set of standards differs from group to group. Different cultures place emphasis on different aspects of society. Some might emphasize religion, others astronomy or mathematics, and some cultures emphasize farming. 2. Egyptʼs geography and climate influenced the development of its religion, politics, and outlook. Egyptian civilization was focused on the Nile River and the surrounding deserts. The Nile River flooded at appropriate times to allow grain to grow. The Egyptians had a positive outlook because the river was dependable. This dependability also made the Egyptians view the universe as an orderly beneficial world, andviewed the afterlife as orderly and optimistic as well. The Egyptian religion was focused on guaranteeing continuous flow from the Nile and prosperity derived from the river and its ability to irrigate the land. The pharoh, the Egyptian ruler, was believed to be a descendant from the gods. The Egyptian king was Horus, and the son of Re, the sun-god. It...
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