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I. SECTION REVIEW
A. What is world history and when did it emerge as a discipline?
B. What is the problem with using civilizations as an organizing principle?
C. How do historians organize chronologies and periods in world history?
A. Periodization, periods
C. World history
III. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. World history involves the study of
A. all the world’s historical events and historical societies. B. evolution of leading societies and interactions around the globe. C. regional histories.
D. modern history.
E. the accomplishments of famous people.
2. The major difference between a civilization and other methods of organizing humans in groups is civilizations A. generated surpluses of food beyond mere needs of survival. B. invented writing.
D. developed institutions.
E. organized time.
IV. ESSAY QUESTIONS
A. Compare and contrast “world history” and other types of history. PART 1: THE RISE OF AGRICULTURE AND
Pages 2 - 5
A. Paleolithic and Neolithic Revolutions
Developments in this period, which began about 9000 B.C.E., are the advent of agriculture and the achievements of the complex societies that resulted. The period ends about 1000 B.C.E., when several civilizations were poised to develop more elaborate cultural and political forms and to embrace wider areas beyond river valley cores. The agriculture that emerged from the Neolithic or Agrarian Revolution produced more food and encouraged wider contacts than hunting-and-gathering economies allowed. Key groups developed settled residences, in contrast to the mobility of hunters and gatherers. The advent of civilization increased the scope of human organization. The rise of agriculture redefined human impact on the environment and radically shifted demographics, allowing high concentrations of people in a small area, and permitting specialization within society.
B. Civilization’s First Phase: The River Valleys
Five major centers of early civilization developed in river valleys. Although they fanned out into adjacent territories, they had limited contact with one another. Civilizations created institutions or long lasting patterns of organization including governments, legal procedures, education, religion, systems of writing, trade, familial and gender patterns, and characteristics in art and architecture. But civilizations also depended on contacts, through war and trade, and their degrees of isolation varied considerably. It was in civilization that new forms of social and gender inequality arose. While agricultural societies became important, nomadic herding was introduced. For millennia, interactions between nomadic societies and sedentary civilizations had important effects on world history.
II. UNIT OVERVIEW
A. What events mark the beginning and end of this period?
B. Why was the Neolithic Revolution critical for the rise of civilization?
C. What challenges did the first civilizations face?
D. In what ways is the world linked into a global civilization?
E. What divergences and divisions continue to separate the globe?
F. What traditions and regional patterns arose in history? III. VOCABULARY
IV. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS
1. The Neolithic Revolutions began around 10,000 B.C.E. with the A. first human bands of hunters and gatherers.
B. adoption of metals for tools instead of stone.
C. rise of the first human towns and cities.
D. advent of sedentary...