____ 2. A Phoenician contribution that people still benefit from today was A. the introduction of Indo-Aryan languages to C. the invention of the phonetic alphabet. Europe. B. the invention of the sail. D. the invention of the labyrinth. ____ 3. Monotheism describes the Hebrews' belief-unusual for the time-that their God was A. the one and only God. C. a spiritual, not a physical, presence. B. a forgiving and protective God. D. associated not with a place but with a people. ____ 4. The most sacred writings of the Jewish religion are the first five books of the Hebrew Bible, known as the A. Torah. C. Ten Commandments. B. Old Testament. D. Ark of the Covenant. ____ 5. In ancient Greece, a tyrant differed from other leaders in that he A. allowed slavery. C. shared power with the nobility. B. seized power illegally, in the name of the D. had authority over the military. common people ____ 6. The type of government that existed in Sparta could be described as A. a monarchy. C. an oligarchy. B. a direct democracy. D. an aristocracy. ____ 7. What caused the major difficulties in uniting ancient Greeks under a single government? A. the size of the region C. the independent nature of the people B. the geography of the region D. all of the above ____ 8. Homer the famous blind storyteller was well known for: A. his comedies C. his epics, like The Iliad and The Odyssey B. his tragedies, like Oedipus Rex D. classical art ____ 9. Greek art of the time, also called "classical art," exhibits all of the following characteristics EXCEPT A. balance. C. order. B. proportion. D. emotion. ____ 10. The Peloponnesian War was won by A. Persia. B. Sparta. C. Athens. D. the Delian League.
____ 11. Which philosopher was condemned to death for "corrupting the youth of Athens" and "neglecting the city's gods"? A. Plato C. Socrates B. Aristotle D. Protagoras ____ 12. Who wrote The Republic, a book that set forth his vision of a perfectly governed society? A. Plato C. Socrates B. Pericles D. Sophocles
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____ 13. Which of the following fought the Peloponnesian War? A. Athens and Sparta C. Athens and Thrace B. Greece and Persia D. Greece and Macedonia ____ 14. After conquering Greece, Alexander the Great conquered which regions? A. Macedonia and Egypt C. Persian Empire, Egypt, and the Indus Valley B. Persian Empire, the Indus Valley, and China D. Anatolia, Egypt, the Indus Valley, and China ____ 15. Alexander the Great's first victories against the Persians gave him control of which region? A. India C. Babylon B. Egypt D. Anatolia 16. The Greeks invented drama as an art form, what were the two types of drama? ____ a. geometry and tragedy A. c. tragedy and comedy b. comedy and Plato d. comedy and classical art ____ 17. The story of Oedipus Rex is an example of: A. comedy B. tragedy C. classical art D. tyrant C. examples of comedies D. examples of tragedies
____ 18. Greek mythology or myths are: A. epic poems B. traditional stories about the Greek gods
____ 19. How did Hellenistic sculpture differ from classical sculpture? A. It was more realistic and emotional. C. It was colossal in size. B. It was made from bronze, not marble. D. It emphasized the values of order, balance, and proportion. ____ 20. Which of the following cultures was not represented in the cultural blend of Hellenistic culture? A. Indian C. Chinese B. Persian D. Egyptian Using the exhibit, choose the letter of the best answer for questions #21-25. (1 point each)
____ 21. In which forms of government did heredity play no role in the selection of rulers? A. monarchy and oligarchy C. oligarchy and aristocracy B. aristocracy and monarchy D. democracy and oligarchy ____ 22. Which form of government was ruled...