World Heritage Side

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  • Topic: World Heritage Site, Cultural heritage, UNESCO
  • Pages : 7 (1771 words )
  • Download(s) : 234
  • Published : April 18, 2013
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Introduction

World Heritage is the diversity of the planet, and the achievements of its peoples. They are cultural or natural sites, monuments, cities or geographical habitat places of beauty and wonder; mystery and grandeur; memory and meaning (WiseGeek, 2012). In short, they represent the best Earth has to offer. The World Heritage Sites are registered and deserved of protection and preservation by the UNESCO. The idea of cultural and natural conservation to preserve the world significance is necessary for everyone. Each country has set up the program for the world heritage preservation. Not only it is considered to be the benefit of the international countries for preservation but also all people should help to take care of and make public relations to foreigners to visit the valuable site. Because it can build income into the country and it is deemed to announce the significance of each country around the world. Therefore, each country should preserve and protect their own heritage and proud of it.

The world heritage sites are considered as the natural and cultural significance. There is the international program for selecting the cultural and natural sites which are unique and some of them would be obtained funds to reform or improve each site. The fund promotes technical and financial assistance to World Heritage sites, including the enhancement of heritage sites in compliance with the Convention and the development of management plans. Each country must take the Tentative list and the file is evaluated by the International Council on Monuments and Sites and the World Conservation Union. Then, the Committee will make their decision for cultural and natural criteria and they will divide the countries into five zones to set a breakdown of the sites.

This Graph of the world heritage

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|Country |Natural |Cultural |Mixed |Total | |North America &Europe |73 |432 |11 |513 | |Asia Pacific |51 |142 |9 |203 | |Africa |35 |43 |4 |82 | |Arab States |4 |63 |1 |68 | |Latin America & The |32 |62 |3 |97 | |Subtotal |196 |742 |28 |966 | |Less duplication |13 |17 |0 |30 | |Total |188 |745 |29 |962 |

(Data source from wikipedia)

At present, there are 962 properties are listed; 745 cultural sites, 188 natural sites and 29 mixed properties. The sites are designated as having “outstanding universal value” under the Convention Concerning the Protection of the World Cultural and Natural Heritage. This convention, which was adopted by UNESCO in 1972, provides a framework for international cooperation in preserving and protecting cultural treasures and natural areas throughout the world. There are three types of sites: cultural, natural, and mixed. Cultural heritage sites include hundreds of historic buildings and town sites, important archaeological sites, and works of monumental sculpture or painting. The ratio of cultural to natural sites on the World Heritage List is roughly 3 to 1. Several new sites are added to the list at the middle of each year. World Heritage designations often boost local economies by encouraging tourism; in addition, UNESCO funds...
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