World Heritage Analysis (Ilocandia)

Topics: World Heritage Site, Cultural heritage, UNESCO Pages: 12 (3570 words) Published: January 17, 2013
Angeles University Foundation
Angeles City
Tourism Department

First Semester, A.Y. 2011 – 2012
Name :  Cartago, Kimberlie A.Score:
Course and Year:  BS Tourism Management II-ADate: 09/02/2011

Considering the World Heritage Sites you will visit in the Ilocos Region (Church of San Agustin in Paoay , La Asuncion dela Nuestra Senora in Sta. Maria, Ilocos Sur and the Historic Town of Vigan) find answers to the following questions by observing, interviewing, researching, etc.

1. What makes the Ilocandia a World Heritage Site?
Vigan represents a unique fusion of Asian building design and construction with European colonial architecture and planning. Criterion (iv): Vigan is an exceptionally intact and well preserved example of a European trading town in East and South-East Asia. 2. What are the threats that face the world heritage sites? Natural threats such as earthquake, natural decay, tidal waves and typhoons might affect or damage the World Heritage Site in Ilocandia because most of them are cultural heritage.

3. What brings about the successful preservation of these world heritage sites? First objective:
Fortify the sense of identity and pride of the community on their historic city. Second objective:
To institutionalize local protective measures and development plans to ensure continuity of programs and involvement of stakeholders. Third objective:
Forge local and international linkages.
Fourth objective:
Develop Vigan as a tourist destination where tourism programs enrich and conserve the people’s core values and traditions, as well as sustain livelihood and employment for bigueños.

4. What is protected in the world heritage sites?
They are protecting the historical significance and/or value of the cultural heritage sites (ancestral buildings and some of the Baroque churches in the Philippines) and the history and culture that it has left. 5. How are world heritage sites protected? What protection measures do they follow? (Localized your answers based on your local findings)

a. An ordinance defining the boundaries of the protected historic district specifying the core and buffer zones.

b. An ordinance providing the general conservation guidelines for Vigan ancestral houses and specifying the compatible uses of structures within the historic district.

c. An executive order creating a multi-sectoral Vigan conservation council to promote involvement of local stakeholders. This council serves as a clearing house for all

d. applications for building permits within the historic district. Clear-cut and specific steps in securing permits for house restorations were designed.

e. An ordinance enacting the Vigan conservation code prescribing detailed guidelines for conservation of Vigan ancestral houses.

f. An ordinance providing a yearly allocation of one percent of Vigan’s internal revenue allotment for arts, culture and tourism. 6. What impacts the presence of visitors have on world heritage sites and the host community?

Through their conservation program, Vigan’s traditional industries continue to fuel the economy and provide employment opportunities to the residents. With an annual income of 800,000 dollars in 1995, it grew over the years reaching our current income of 4.2 million dollars. The added revenues enable us to deliver basic services.

7. What steps are adopted in order to influence and encourage visitors toward adopting responsible behavior during their visit (and even afterwards)?

Unlike in El Nido, Palawan, I have not seen nor heard that Ilocandia has their code of conduct for their visitors. Because, in truth it is into the visitor’s common sense to respect this world heritage sites.

8. Do they have codes of responsible conduct for visitors at heritage sites? How are they used?

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