Lesson 6 Assignment 06
Discuss South Africa’s apartheid policy of 1948. How was it initiated? Provide historical information of the time from the passing of this policy until gaining independence in 1979.
The seeds of Apartheid were sowed as early as 1910, but South Africa’s Apartheid policy officially became law in 1948, after the Reunited National Party won the white minority elections on the 28th of May 1948. The Apartheid policy, later referred to as “separate development” was a racial segregation in South Africa. It put South Africans into four racial groups: native, whites, colored, and Asian. The Apartheid policy also included the “petit apartheid” of separated ethnic groups and a “grand apartheid’ of relocating black Africans to homeland areas. The black Africans were regarded merely as laborers for the whites and each were assigned to a homeland or temporary urban location. With the enactment of Apartheid laws in 1948, racial discrimination was institutionalized. Race laws touched every aspect of social life, including a prohibition of marriage between non-whites and whites, and the sanctioning of “white-only” jobs.
The system of the Apartheid was also enforced by a series of laws passed in the 1950’s. The Group Areas Act of 1950 assigned races to different residential and business sections in urban areas and The Land Acts of 1954and 1955 which restricted non-whites residence to specific areas. These laws restricted the already limited rights of black Africans to own land, while the white minority’s control over 80 percent of South Africa. Another law passed was the Bantu Authorities Act in 1951. It established a basis for ethnic government in African reserves, known as “homelands”. All political rights, including voting, held by an African were restricted to the designated homeland. South Africans lost their citizenship and any right of involvement with the South African Parliament. Africans living in homelands needed...