Worksheet on Plato’s Crito
1. In paragraphs 43-46a, Crito gives Socrates a number of reasons why he should escape. State one of them in your own words. He will be killed un-honorably.
2. Socrates brings up the case of an athlete engaged in professional training. What point do you think Socrates is trying to make here? Although he was an awful wrestler, anything is possible even if one is destined for failure. There just may be a positive ending to his going away.
3. Socrates says “As we have agreed so far, we must examine next whether it is just for me to try to get out of here when Athenians have not acquitted me.” In the exchanges following this statement, he obtains Crito’s admission to three principles. Socrates believes that these principles should guide their examination of the justice of the escape. Briefly state these three principles. He would be choosing the “easiest path” instead of the difficult road that would prove his innocence and leave him a free man. He should stick it out for the children and leave no child orphaned if at all possible. Failure to escape may result in a cowardly image towards Socrates.
4. In paragraph 50, Socrates asks Crito to imagine that as they are planning to run away, the laws of Athens come and confront them. He then narrates a long speech by the Laws. The speech contains several distinct reasons why Socrates should not escape. Read these paragraphs (50-53a) and carefully identify and state one of these arguments. (Try not to mix the arguments together!) If he should escape to a new city, the new city may dislike him knowing he disobeyed Athens laws, they may consider him a threat of corrupting their own youth.
5. In 53b to the end of Crito, Socrates gives a long list of the negatives consequences of his escape from Athens. Briefly state one of them. He cannot disobey a country that has given him a home, education, family, and life for so...