Workplace Bullying

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ABSTRACT
In this study harmful bullying behavior and harassment has been studied from the perspective of victims of this destructive act. In previous studies research has been done to find out factors that may determine why certain people are bullied more than others. For example gender, culture of the organization and sometimes the silence of the scared victim provoke these behaviors. One of these factors studied in our research is racial differences. It was investigated in our research that how and with which intensity racism triggers the incidents of bullying in low ranked employees of textile industry. Also we investigated that this behavior has what and how much impact on performance of employees. Based on this perception we hypothesized that racial bulling is negatively associated with motivation to work and satisfaction with the job of the employees which eventually deteriorates the performance level. For this purpose data was provided by selecting a sample of 30 employees from a textile factory. Analysis was done by finding and testing the significance of correlations between these behaviors (Racism, bullying, motivation, job satisfaction and performance). The analysis revealed that racism is associated with bulling and increase in racist behavior is accompanied with increased incidents of bullying. Also it was revealed that there is a strong negative relationship between racial bullying and job satisfaction. Correlation of racial bullying with motivation was also observed but that was not significant in our study. Eventually it was found that racial bulling is negatively associated with performance which gives evidence that bullying is linked with decline the performance.

INTRODUCTION
The term "workplace bullying" was initiated by the pioneering British journalist Andrea Adams in 1992, who applied bullying to adulthood misery. Andrea Adams defined bullying as “Persistent criticism or personal abuse in public or private which humiliates and demeans the person”. She believed that there were two forms of human aggression. One has the aim to damage or to harm and the other form is a self assertive aggression for the pursuit of a goal. In bullying a person is bullied or harassed when he or she is repeatedly subjected to negative acts in a situation where the victim finds it difficult to defend himself/herself. It involves repeated unreasonable actions of individuals or a group directed towards an employee who is intended to threaten and create a risk to the health and safety of the employee. It often involves an abuse or misuse of power. It creates a feeling of defenselessness in the target and weakens an individual’s right to dignity at work. It often results due to frustration, escalated conflicts and organizational culture. It has been researched upon that most frequently victims of bullying are unassertive, conflict avoidant, and make little effort to be part of the group. Workplace bullying often occurs due to differences in language, culture, race and nationality. Bullying at workplaces can be addressed by efforts at employee as well as the organizational level. The optimal strategy for dealing with workplace bullying involves both effective organizational interventions to help prevent and address bullying incidents and strong legislative mechanisms to allow for reimbursement and compensation. There are no specific laws for the protection of work place bullying on the base of which they can be legally protected. According to researches most bullying is same-sex harassment which is ignored by laws and employer policies. In most of the cases women are bullied. In a liberal individualistic culture, people tend to blame victims for the harm they tolerate and make them responsible for solving their unprovoked problems. Most bullies are bosses where it is a zero sum game that they are getting their personal gains at the expense of others. Bullied employees are continuously harassed which results in mental stresses,...
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