Working Mothers: The Effect on a Child’s Development
What is working mother? Working mother is defined as women who are married or not participating in the labour force for income to raise their children. Women start to be active in the labour force once they open the opportunity to the women to work and it is shown that there were a increasing rate of women in the labour force which is 71.3% at the year of 2010 compare to the year of 1990 (66.7%). It also happened because of the economic status on that particular year and the labour force that was needed. Most of the women will continue working after the childbirth or when their maternity leaves end. In Asia, most of the women are very active in the labour force especially Hong Kong (51%), Singapore (57%) and Malaysia (44%)(The World Bank,2013). Mothers who work will help to support the family compared to those who are not working. This situation, however, it will bring challenges toward the child development. Relationship
It is a norm that women will take care of the family in the house and men give financial support toward the family. However, nowadays women also start to give financial supportby being involved in the labour force. Mother and children have a strong connection when the infant was in the mother stomach for 10 months especially the baby girl. Bonding in the early age is very important, this not only will bring up a better family but also let the baby feel safe and trust toward the mother and baby will sense their mother by recognizing the smell and voice of their mother. Most of the mother will start working when their infant is two years old due to the leave that was giving by the company and also the fact that mothers think that their babies are big enough to be brought to the day care centre. However some of the research proven it was wrong, although the most important period to bond between a child and mother is the first year of infant but it is not enough. When the mother start to work, the physical contact and affectionate play decreases as well as the time being together because the mother will spent almost half of the day working outside or inside. Working part time is the first choice of every mother because they will have more time to spend in the house with the family but they are wrong. As a women and a wife cooking or doing house work is their job even though there is a maid but they still need to fulfil their part. For mother that worked, they need to prepare dinner for the whole family right after they finish work besides doing other housework such as laundry. Their job never end until they finish cleaning up the dinner dishes which mean mother have only a little time to spend with their child and mostly during bed time. This will bring a huge effect to the child up bringing especially the behaviour and also the health. Breastfeeding
Breastfeed is a common thing that every mother will do once their baby was born. Mothers are always blamed for the decreasing rate of breastfeeding when they return to the labour force. Based on the Ministry of Health Malaysia the breastfeeding activity decrease from 92%(1950) to 78% (1974). One of the reason they stop breastfeeding once they work is because of the maternity leave that they get from the company which is two months for those women who work in public sector and extra one more month for those who work in private sector. In addition, the breastfeeding policy is the other reason the mother give up breastfed. In Malaysia, the breastfeeding policy has been developed in 1993, however is the policy being applied by the government or the private sector is still a question to be ask because the barrier of breastfed are not written in the policy. The period of the maternity that leave is not the main reason the mother stop breastfeeding, it is the breastfeeding policy applied in the work place. If the work place give flexibility of time to the mother to breastfed the infant most likely...
Please join StudyMode to read the full document