Workers Participation in Management

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A PROJECT
ON
WORKER’S PARTICIPATION IN MANAGEMENT
SUBMITTED TO

In the fulfilment of the requirement
For the degree of MBA in Hotel and Tourism Management.

By
RUCHI PANDYA

To
Ms. Palak Shah
Human resource.
Asia Pacific Institute of Management
2012-13

Preface

The concept of workers’ participation in management is based on Human Relations approach to Management which brought about a new set of values to labour and management. Traditionally the concept of Workers’ Participation in Management (WPM) refers to participation of non-managerial employees in the decision-making process of the organization. Workers’ participation is also known as ‘labour participation’ or ‘employee participation’ in management. In Germany it is known as co-determination while in Yugoslavia it is known as self-management. The International Labour Organization has been encouraging member nations to promote the scheme of Workers’ Participation in Management.

Certificate
This is to certify that Ms/Mr.___________ has successfully completed the Research project entitled “Enterprise resource planning” for the fulfillment of MBA 1st Year project form 29th October 2012 – 3rd November 2012. It Certified that, this work is original.

Project Guide MBA- Coordinator Ms. Palak Shah Ms. Palak Shah

Date: - Date:-
Table of contents

Sr. No.| Title| Pg. no.|
1.| Introduction| 5|
2.| Definition| 5|
3.| Features| 6|
4.| Objectives| 6|
5.| Importance| 7|
6.| Approaches| 8|
7.| Levels| 9|
8.9.10.11.12.13.14.| Strategies/Forms/MethodsWorkers' Participation in BHELWorkers’ Participation inManagement in IndiaReasons for failure of Workers participation Movement in IndiaCorrective stepsConclusionReferences| 10121414151516|

Introduction
It becomes necessary to define both employee participation as well as what is meant by performance when we talk about workers participation in management. Employee participation may be defined as the process by which employees are involved in the decision making process of a business rather than merely being expect to following instructions and as such this forms what is referred to in HR as empowerment. Performance on the other hand can be considered from two perspectives, firstly there is the performance of the individual in question and how their personal performance is affected by the concept of employee participation. Secondly there is the performance of the organisation as a whole to consider and how this will change with varying degrees of employee participation.

Definition
According to Keith Davis, Participation refers to the mental and emotional involvement of a person in a group situation which encourages him to contribute to group goals and share the responsibility of achievement. According to Walpole, Participation in Management gives the worker a sense of importance, pride and accomplishment; it gives him the freedom of opportunity for self-expression; a feeling of belongingness with the place of work and a sense of workmanship and creativity. The concept of workers’ participation in management encompasses the following: It provides scope for employees in decision-making of the organization. The participation may be at the shop level, departmental level or at the top level. The participation includes the willingness to share the responsibility of the organization by the workers. It is also defined as a system of communication and consultation either formal or informal by which employees of an organization are kept informed about the affairs of the undertaking and through which express their opinion and contribute to management decisions.

Features
Participation means mental and emotional involvement rather than mere physical presence. Workers participate in management not as individuals but collectively as a group...
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