work life balance

Topics: Employment, Management, Work-family conflict Pages: 8 (6920 words) Published: October 12, 2014
ISSN: 2319 – 7285

G.J. C.M.P., Vol. 2(3) 2013:84-91

WORK- LIFE BALANCE: A LITERATURE REVIEW
Satinder Singh
Chief Engineer (Drilling)
Oil & Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC),
Cementing Services, Ahmedabad Asset, Ahmedabad
&
Pursuing PhD (Management), Gujarat University, Ahmedabad

Abstract
The literature review on Work-life Balance has been framed up in view of its gained popularity with the major aim to have prosperity of society and the realization of fulfilling lives for its employees by supporting the growth of every employee and the further development of the companies. The literature identifies its effect on various quality life conditions i.e Job Satisfaction, Work Stress, Career Growth, Turnover, Absenteeism, Appreciation and competitive environment in context with Work-life Balance and its practices/policies. In this paper, an endeavour has been made to provide an overview of various aspects of Work-Life Balance through the review of existing literature. The sources referred include various journals, books, doctoral thesis, working papers, reports, magazines, internet sites, newspapers etc and has been reflected as references at the end.

Keyword: Work-life Balance, Work –Stress, Work-life Conflict, Career Growth, Turnover, Absenteeism, Work-life policies.

1. Introduction
The purpose of this paper is to review the existing literature on Work-life balance with the identification and description of work-life balance with number of sections, first with Career growth and work-family conflict, second section describe Motivation and Work Life Balance, third section reveals to Job Satisfaction and Work Life Balance, fourth section examines Turnover, absenteeism and Work Life Balance, fifth section assesses Competitive environment and Work Life Balance, sixth section explores Appreciation and Work Life Balance, seventh section identifies and describes Work-life practices/policies and Work Life Balance, & eight section discusses on Work Stress and work-life imbalance, lastly draws conclusion.

2. Literature Review
The literature on Work-life balance with different prospective are studied and available, in recent years, there has been an increased interest in work family interface in the human resource management literature, especially regarding the sources and outcomes of conflict between these two spheres. A number of studies have addressed this issue from different perspectives. Greenhaus and Beutell (1985) and Greenhaus et al. (1989) examined the antecedents of conflict between family and work, Goodstein (1994) and Ingram and Simons (1995) presented an institutional perspective on organizations‘ responses to work-family issues. In addition, Campbell,Campbell and Kennard (1994) have studied the effects of family responsibilities on the work commitment and job performance of women. The work-family issue is even further expanded to address the relationship of business-marriage partners (Foley & Powell, 1997). Rebbecca Bundhun quotes in ―The National (2009), an Abu Dhabhi National Paper‖1 that ―Women and men generally have a different perception of what the "life" part of the balance involves. For women it tends to be devoting more time to family, while for men it is spending more time pursuing personal interests.‖ She also quoted the paper of Dr Katty Marmenout, a research fellow at the INSEAD School in Abu Dhabi with his words that ―work-life balance is not simply about equally dividing the time spent on one's work and personal life, but establishing a harmony that reflects an individual's priorities‖. So, this allows for acceptance of the happy workaholic or the satisfied stay-at-home mum or dad. "How can we measure or evaluate work-life balance? The best indicator would be that it should feel right," she said. Whereas researcher Murphy and Doherty (2011) revealed that it is not possible to measure work-life balance in an absolute way as there are personal circumstances which influence the way...
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