•Working time regulations
•Maternity leave/paternity leave
•Regulations concerning part-time employment
Among the countries in EU, UK represents the longest working hours for full-time employees (British men works 3.5 hours per week more than those in Greece--the 2nd highest country) (White et al, 2003)It is also reported that the American worker were working additional hours up to a month time within one year, the increase of working hours among female employees is three times than male.In the countries that the problem lies in, government should conduct statutory instrument to regulate the time that people may work. It is aimed to limit the maximum working time, ensure the minimum rest breaks, daily and weekly rest. Secondly, family protection laws are needed to grant different leaves for employees to take care of personal and family life. For example, maternity leave, paternity leave, parental leave should be provided for employees. However, it is not enough for the level of ‘availability’. The state should make improvement in the extended leave time and payment leave. For example, UK has improved the maternity leave with pay, two weeks paternity leave in 1999 and paid for the leave in 2003 and in unpaid parental leave and time-off to family emergencies.(Dickens, 2006)The family protection laws also include part time employment which confers employees the right to reduce working hours. Employer
Besides the long-hour working, and performance practices, other predictors such as shift working, weekend work, limited job autonomy and discretion could also result in work-family conflicts. To achieve a balance between organizational goal and employees’ home life, employers could take measures such as shift working allowing appropriate period of time for resting between shifts. For example, forward-rolling shift rota could ensure employees to work for different period of time for each shift. And employer should also give enough time for breaks between shifts to ensure sufficient rests. 放在哪儿? Additionally, there are mainly three types of work-life balance policies initiated by...