A Pakistani generation is defined by the common attitudes, experiences and preferences that develop in the context of social and economic events of a defined period of time. Generations typically are associated with birth year ranges. Generational commonalities transcend cultural and gender differences. The social and economic influences that create popular culture are experienced by all within a generation, even though culture and gender play a role in how the experience is interpreted individually. Every generation has its own working styles in organizations. The nature of work and the way of doing that work also changes with the changing times. The nature of work has changed dramatically over the last one hundred years and especially over the last thirty, which has caused many time management practices that worked well for previous generations to become obsolete. In the beginning of this century most the work in organizations was done by traditional workers. They have to repeat the same work over and over again to keep the organizations running. Their work was confined to desk jobs done in the early part of the century; Traditional type of management was suitable for these conventional workers management. The management was well aware of how to take work from such employees and how to manage them. With the passage of time attitude, behavior, perception, expertise, knowledge of the employees modified. Their style of working changed with the change in generation. Literacy increased with the changing generations. Working style became better and better. I have characterized Pakistani generation into four main generations; first, the people who were born before the independence of Pakistan. Second generation is, the people who have worked in the era of revolution from 1947 to 1965. Third, our father’s generation who worked from 1965 to 1999 and finally, our generation the young and independent generation.
Generations & Work Ethic
The first generation which i am discussing here in my analysis is the generation which is born before the war of freedom before 1947. This generation was lost in the spirals of the slavery without knowing their motto of doing things. They just blindly follow their supervisors. The workers do not have any their own sense that where their work is leading them and whether this work is for the benefit or not. They believe that their foremost duty is to obey them. The workers in this era only know to obey their authorities. The credit of their accomplishments goes to their heads. Working environment was very strict and there was not a single source of motivation for the employees. They adapted to an environment of scarcity, valuing austerity. The communication style in that era was downward and power style was coercive. The span of control in that era was very wide; too many workers reporting to a single supervisor. This generation can also be described by the words of the author Janes Mooney identified hierarchy showing that: “Organizations have a ladder of duties & responsibilities”. Another author Chester Bernard describes organization as a system of cooperative efforts with a common purpose in the “The function of the Executive”. Characteristics of the workers in this generation are:
* Believe in conformity, authority and rules
* Loyalty and respect for authority
* Dislike conflict
* Work oriented
* Consistency with non progressive attitude
* Prefer hierarchical organizational structures and will continue to view horizontal structure in a hierarchical way
In this 2nd generation, we are doing the analysis for the workers of 1947 to 1965. In the analysis, the work ethics and values of that era is discussed. It is noticed that with the change in the social status of the Pakistani workers their work trends also changed....