Gordon Waddell, A Kim Burton
IS WORK GOOD FOR YOUR HEALTH AND WELL-BEING?
Gordon Waddell, CBE DSc MD FRCS Centre for Psychosocial and Disability Research, Cardiff University, UK A Kim Burton, PhD DO EurErg Centre for Health and Social Care Research, University of Huddersfield, UK
The authors were commissioned by the Department for Work and Pensions to conduct this independent review of the scientific evidence. The authors are solely responsible for the scientific content and the views expressed which do not necessarily represent the official views of the Department for Work and Pensions, HM Government or The Stationery Office.
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Acknowledgements EXECUTIVE SUMMARY HEALTH, WORK, AND WELL-BEING Aims Definitions REVIEW METHODS Organisation of the evidence Evidence synthesis and rating REVIEW FINDINGS Health effects of work and unemployment Work Unemployment Age-specific findings Re-employment Work for sick and disabled people Mental Health Severe mental illness Common mental health problems Stress Musculoskeletal conditions Cardio-respiratory conditions Social Security Studies DISCUSSION Conclusions REFERENCES EVIDENCE TABLES v vii 1 3 3 6 6 7 9 9 9 10 13 17 20 21 21 22 22 24 27 29 31 36 39 69
Is work good for your health & well-being?
Table 1. Health effects of work vs unemployment Table 1a: Work Table 1b: Unemployment Table 1c: Older workers (> approx. 50 years) Table 2. Health impacts of employment, re-employment, and retirement Table 2a: School leavers and young adults (Age < approx. 25 years) Table 2b: Adults (age ~25 to ~ 50 years) Table 2c: Older workers (> approx. 50 years) Table 3: Work for sick and disabled people. Table 3a: Disability Table 3b: Sickness absence and return to work Table 4: The impact of work on the health of people with mental health conditions Table 4a: Severe mental illness Table 4b: Minor/moderate mental health problems Table 4c-i: Stress: The...