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Course “Health and safety in construction”

LABOR ACCIDENTS, DEFINITION, ESTABLISHMENT AND INVESTIGATION

Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

Разпреде ление на трудовите злополуки станали през 2009 година по сектори на НКИД J P ДЕЙНОСТ И НА ДОМАКИНСТ ВА 0% H ХОТЕЛИ И РЕСТ ОРАНТИ 1% ФИНАНСОВО ПОСРЕДНИЧЕСТ ВО 1% A СЕЛСКО, ЛОВНО И ГОРСКО СТ ОПАНСТ ВО 2% O ДРУГИ ДЕЙНОСТ И, ОБСЛУЖВАЩИ ОБЩЕСТ ВОТО И ЛИЧНОСТТ А B РИБНО СТ ОПАНСТ ВО 0% M ОБРАЗОВАНИЕ 3% 3%

Q ЕКСТЕРИТ ОРИАЛНИ ОРГАНИЗАЦИИ И СЛУЖБИ 0%

K D ПРЕРАБОТ ВАЩА ПРОМ ИШЛЕНОСТ 36% N ЗДРАВЕОПАЗВАНЕ И СОЦИАЛНИ ДЕЙНОСТИ 5% E ПРОИЗВОДСТ ВО И РАЗПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ НА ЕЛЕКТ РИЧЕСКА И Т ОПЛИННА ЕНЕРГИЯ, ГАЗООБРАЗНИ ГОРИВА И ВОДА 5% ОПЕРАЦИИ С НЕДВИЖИМИ ИМОТ И, НАЕМОДАТ ЕЛНА ДЕЙНОСТ И БИЗНЕС УСЛУГИ 5%

L ДЪРЖАВНО УПРАВЛЕНИЕ; ЗАДЪЛЖИТ ЕЛНО ОБЩЕСТ ВЕНО ОСИГУРЯВАНЕ 6%

I Т РАНСПОРТ , СКЛАДИРАНЕ И СЪОБЩЕНИЯ 11% F СТ РОИТЕЛСТВО 8% C ДОБИВНА ПРОМИШЛЕНОСТ 8%

G ТЪРГОВИЯ, РЕМОНТ И ТЕХНИЧЕСКО ОБСЛУЖВАНЕ НА АВТОМОБИЛИ И МОТ ОЦИКЛЕТ И, НА ЛИЧНИ ВЕЩИ И СТ ОКИ ЗА ДОМ АКИНСТВОТ О 6%

The most common accidents:

Falls from height Crushing by machinery and equipment Stroke (impact) of object Injury of electric current Explosion Burning

Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

Lecturer Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

1

Course “Health and safety in construction”
Accidents on 30 - year period in the countries, Members of the EU

Transport accidents Injury of electric current Falls from height

Machinery Stroke (impact) of object

Falls from height = 43% from fatal accidents in construction

Stroke (impact) of object = 12% from fatal accidents in construction

Lecturer Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

2

Course “Health and safety in construction”

Work with big machineries = 11% from fatal accidents in construction

Transport accidents on the building site = 8% from fatal accidents in construction

Earth works and excavations = 5% from fatal accidents in construction

Lecturer Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

3

Course “Health and safety in construction”

Injury of electric current = 4% from fatal accidents in construction

1. Definition for labor accidents: 1.1 All sudden or unexpected health injuries , that happened during, or in connection with the work process, or in the interest of the company, which have caused disability or death. 1.2 Labor accident is an accident happened during the normal time on the way to the working place or: - Return back home, or to the habitual place of residence or other location with additional permanent character; - The place where the worker eats or usually has his lunch or; - The place where the worker receives his salary. It is not a labor accident, when the victim is intentionally damaged his own health. Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

2. Procedure in case of labor accident: 2.1. The immediate superior should be notified without delay. A report must be drawn up and this report must contain following elements: - The employer of the injured persons; - The names of the injured persons; - The place and the time of the accident; - The witnesses of the accident the person who gave first aid;

Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

Lecturer Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

4

Course “Health and safety in construction”
A report must be drawn up and this report must contain following elements: - What was the task of the workers; - What kind of operations have performed the injured persons exactly; - Which normal operations have been performed wrong; - What kind of damages have been caused; - Which violations of the rules have been made; - Persons who tolerated the violations; - Necessary measurements for avoidance similar cases.

Dr. Eng. Lachezar Hrischev, PhD

2. Statement of labor accident: - The employer is obliged to declare about the labor accident before the social security institutions within 3 working days; - The injured person may declare about the labor accident within 1 year after the accident.

Dr. Eng....
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