Word Biblical Commentary Notes

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Word Biblical Commentary

Exodus Chapter 20
vs. 1-2- And God spoke all these words: I am the Lord your God who brought you out of the land of Egypt, out of the land of slavery. - Best read in direct sequence to Exodus 19:19.
- this memory of Yahweh speaking from Sinai in the hearing of all the people is common to every account of the Sinai theophany. It is an emphasis integral both to the Sinai narrative sequence as well as the larger. - I am Yahweh is a basic phrase in OT narratives.

- It has been carefully studied, and has been realized as the primary formula. - The phrase has been know as a self-presentation formula, or a salvation- grace formula. - self confessional phrase is given, along with the second who they are phrase, in addition to the self giving. - These words open the center and the focus of the whole Pentateuch. vs. 3- You shall have no other gods before me.

- Basic to the nine that follow it and the relationship that it is to ensure. - Sets forth an expectation of absolute priority.
- It (or there) is a singular phrase.
- There is not to be even one more god anywhere set froth by this commandment. - This is an assertion of monotheistic conviction.
- The command does not specify that no one is to not have other gods, but Israel is not to have any others at all. vs. 4-6- You shall not make for yourself an idol in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. You shall not bow down to them or worship them; For I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the fathers to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments. - The second command follows and shows special dimensions of the relationship with Yahweh. - Shows three specifications of how God is to be worshiped. - The first is prohibition of use of images in worship. The second command is the earliest...
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