The word curriculum is derived form a Latin word “Correre” which was used an alternate of ‘path way’. Experts defining curriculum with reference to its origin call it a runway. This perception has probably introduced curriculum as a course which one runs to reach a goal, which in no case, fully explains the literal meaning curriculum.
“The experiences which are utilized by the school to attain the aims education “
Principles of Curriculum Development
During our discussion on the phases of curriculum development, we have pointed out two main aspects, selection and organization .Both aspects are governed by different principles. Recognizing their correlation and continuity, they are collectively adopted as the popular principles of curriculum development.
a. Principles Of Selection
Several principles have been framed for the selection. Most of the experts are agreed with Wheeler on these principles; hence following principles are adopted for completion of this aspect
• Principle of Validity
There should be no deficiencies in curriculum and its all phases should be settled with real demands and requirements. It should be according to current national and universal needs. To make it more acceptable, there should be enough provisions of making necessary changes. The subjects and activities selected for curriculum can be modified as and when required for the larger interest of the nation.
• Principles of Comprehensiveness
The principle of comprehensiveness is observed in selection. It should be comprehensive and composite to fulfill the expectation of all aspects of the personality of a child.
• Principles of Variety
Curriculum is developed on the basis of subjects and activities. Similarity in activates reduces interest and repetition results in curtailing and minimizing the urge of learning.
• Principles of Suitability
Curriculum is the index of a nation. Suitable activities according to national and social objectives are selected as the curriculum is meant to improve the nation. The subject and experiences suitable to the culture and civilization of students can bring results.
• Principles of Importance
Subjects and activities are selected on the basis of their importance and these factors should timely be assessed. The subjects having importance a decade earlier may lose their position. Principles of importance can be practiced and applied in the light of the aims and objectives of education.
b. Principles of Organization
These principles are known as the principles of organization in curriculum development. They are applied to organize teaching material, subject matter activities and experiences after their selection. They include the following main principles:
• Principles of Sequence
The principle of the sequence of subjects, subject matter, textual material activities and experience occupies an important place in the process of organization.
• Princeple of Continuity and Correlation
The subjects and activities selected for a curriculum development shoud be arranged to ensure continuity and correlation.knowledge and skills should remain interlinked and interrelated.keeping in view the needs of each age group the curricular activities of primary,lower secondary,secondary and onwards should be integrated.
• Principle of Flexibility
The concept and the goals of education are not static.They are flexible and are changed under circumstances.This flexibility is the quality of balanced curriculum.
• Principle of Balance
There should be a balance between the subjects and activities selected for the construction of curriculum.Each and every activities be allocated time in accordance with its importance.It is not proper to distribute them in equal parts Each subject...