Impact of organizational structure and culture on H.R management
How the effectiveness of H.R.M is monitored
Recommended improvement of effectiveness
* “Companies utilize organization structure to create their business hierarchies. Each company determines the staffing levels that it needs to operate efficiently, and organization structures play an important role in this determination. In addition to delineating company levels, organizational structures assign clear roles to departments and individuals to provide them with a sense of purpose and responsibility. While organizational structures can be unique to different companies, there are several distinct and commonly used types of organizational structures. Functional Structure
Functional structure provides organization according to a job’s (or an individual’s) purpose within the organization. Functional organizations are most easily recognized by departments that focus on a single function or goal. For instance, an organization with a marketing department, a human resources department, a research and development department and so forth, operates according to functional organization. The functional structure provides employees, as well as their appropriate departments, with a clear objective and purpose for their work. In other words, employees within a marketing department know that their job is marketing and, as a result, those employees can focus on improving their marketing work and even specialize in a specific area of marketing. On the other hand, functional structure can create divisions between departments if a conflict develops between departments. Divisional Structure
Divisional structure operates as a more decentralized version of the functional structure, in that the functions still exist within the organization, but the functions have been separated by product or region. In other words, the divisional structure decentralizes the organization into different units, each of which has its own functional department. For example, an organization might be divided into five regions across the United States. Each of those divisions will have its own marketing department, human resources department, and research and development department. Divisional structure can also occur at the product level if a company chooses to divide itself by the types of products in which it specializes or at the market level if a company addresses distinct markets separately. Matrix Structure
Matrix structures were developed to create the best of both worlds, so to speak, and combine elements of the functional structure and the divisional structure. The matrix structure creates teams for organizational projects that need to be completed and, in creating teams, draws together the most qualified employees for the project from various areas of the organization. Instead of utilizing only department heads, which would be common in the functional and divisional structures, the matrix structure focuses more on project heads or managers who oversee a diverse group of individuals from different parts of a company. The matrix structure can become confusing, though, due to the greater level of decentralization, because it is not always clear who is in the leadership role in a group. A matrix structure is considered most effective for companies that operate internationally or across a wide range of geographical area.” Organizational structure is defined as the way the pieces of the organization fit together internally it also cover the links with external organizations such as partners In coca cola as a modern organization have built flexible structure which, wherever possible, encourages teamwork. For example at coca cola Great Britain any new product development (e.g. Coca-Cola Vanilla) brings together teams of employees with different specialism. “At such team meetings marketing specialists clarify the results of their market...
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