Wool Processor

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  • Topic: Wool, Domestic sheep, Merino
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  • Published : October 19, 2011
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Wool Collection, Wool Scouring, Wool Grease Recovery and Products made from Wool Grease

Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH (German Agency for Technical Cooperation) Regional Economic Development Programme Component 1 Mongolia

Edited by Theo Hensels Team Leader Component 1 Project implemented by IAK-ABG Regional Economic Development Programme Mongolia

This report was prepared for Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH Regional Economic Development Programme Mongolia GTZ Office Sky Plaza, Olympic Street 12 CPO Box 1264, Ulaanbaatar Mongolia © 2008 GTZ Regional Economic Development Programme Mongolia The programme is financed by BMZ, the German Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, Bonn and co-financed by the Royal Netherlands Embassy, Beijing

Manual on behalf of the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Technische Zusammenarbeit (GTZ) GmbH (German Agency for Technical Cooperation) Regional Economic Development Programme Mongolia

Nigel Hales

Wool Collection, Wool Scouring, Wool Grease Recovery and Products made from Wool Grease

Published by: Regional Economic Development Programme Component 1: Promotion of SMEs and Cooperatives

Implemented by IAK-ABG

October 2008

Wool Collection, Wool Scouring, Wool Grease Recovery and Products made from Wool Grease 

TABLE OF CONTENT 1 2 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY…………………………………………………... 3 WOOLSCOURING AS A PROCESS………………………………………..4 2.1 The WRONZ System……………………………………………………... 5 2.2 Greasy Wool Opening…………………………………………………… 6 2.3 Water Supply……………………………………………………………… 6 2.4 Detergent…………………………………………………………………... 6 2.5 Squeeze Presses…………………………………………………………… 6 2.6 Bowl Temperatures………………………………………………………..6 2.7 pH Control……………………………………………………………….... 6 TUNGALAG WOOL SCOUR………………………………………………. 7 3.1 Wool Grease Recovery Potential Zavkhan……………………………… 7 WOOL GREASE RECOVERY………………………………………………8 4.1 Introduction……………………………………………………………….. 8 4.2 Oxidised and Unoxidised Wool Grease………………………………….. 8 4.3 Stages of development of the Primary Follicle………………………….. 9 4.4 The Three Types of Impurities in Wool………………………………….9 4.5 The Sequence of Wool Grease Removal……………………………..… 10 4.6 The WRONZ Loop…………………………………………………….... 11 4.7 Wool grease Recovery Methods in the Woolscour………………….… 12 4.8 Centrifuging…………………………………………………………...… 12 4.9 Effluent Discharge………………………………………………….....… 13 WOOL GREASE END USES……………………………………………..... 13 SHEEP BREEDING PLAN………………………………………………….14 Background………………………………………………………………….. 14 6.2 Mean Fibre Diameter of Mongolian Sheep……………………………. 16 6.3 Fine Wool Price Indicator………………………………………………. 17 6.4 Feasibility Study on Merino Breeding…………………………………. 17 6.5 Income Potential and Added Value from Merino Wool……………….18 6.6 Possible Downsides……………………………………………………… 19 FARMING PRACTICE OBSERVATIONS………………………………. 19 7.1 New Zealand………………………………………………………...…… 20 WOOL COLLECTION AND PACKAGING…………………………...… 21 GREASY WOOL OPENERS MONGOLIA………………………………. 22 VARIOUS……………………………………………………………………. 24 10.1 Cottage Industries……………………………………………………… 24 10.2 Future Training…………………………………………………………24 10.3 Shearer Training……………………………………………………….. 24 10.4 Shearing Equipment…………………………………………………… 25 10.5 Wool Collection Ulastai ………………………………………….......... 25 SUMMARY………………………………………………………………….. 25 KEY STATISTICS………………………………………………………..… 26

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Wool Collection, Wool Scouring, Wool Grease Recovery and Products made from Wool Grease 

1.0. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY This report has been prepared as a reference document. It has been designed to outline the basic principals of Woolscouring and Wool Grease Recovery Methods. The report also includes comment about breeding practices and other wool industry observations in Mongolia. As part of the GTZ–Programme for Regional Economic Development in Mongolia I have conducted seminars on Wool, Wool Scouring Methods, Wool Grease Recovery, Products made from Wool Grease, Wool...
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